musculaskeletal theory 2

70 terms by mickey728 

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periosteum

Which structure is the site of attachment for tendons?

types of freely movable joints: hings, ball-and-socket and suture

Which group is incorrect?

metacarpals

Which bones form the palm of the hand

tendon

What is the name of the cord of connective tissue that connects muscle to bone?

bone marrow

Which bone structure is most concerned with hamatopoiesis?

recruitment

Which of the following increases the force of contraction of a whole muscle?

lie along the thigh

The quadriceps femoris group and the hamstrings.

humeroulnar

The olecranon process is most associated with this joint?

diaphysis

This struxture refers to the shaft of a long bone

muscles involved in breathing: diaphragm, intercostal, hamstrings

Which group is incorrect

pectoralis

Which of the following "muscle words" refers to chest.

bones of the vertebral column: atlas, axis, coxal bone

Which group is incorrect

hamstrings

This group of muscles is located on the posterior thigh

knee

At which joint do the femur and tibia meet

bones of the lower extremities: femur, tibia, clavicle

Which group is incorrect

receives the head of the femur

The acetabulum

heel

Which structure includes the calcaneus

deltoid

Which muscle covers the shoulder like a shoulder pad

mandible

This bone is found in the skull but not in the cranium

sternocleidomastoid

Which of the following is not a facial muscle

peroneus longus

Which muscle is located in the lower extremities

hamstrings

This large muscle extends the thigh at the hip

femur

This bone is distal to the acetabulum and proximal to the patella

gluteus maximus

On which large muscle do you sit

elbow

At which joint do the humerus and ulna meet

tarsals

What bones include the calcaneus

articulates distally with the ulna

The humerus

metacarpophalangeal joint

Which of the following is the hinge joint

is located in the upper arm

The humerus

involve all of the above

Fontanels

adductors

These muscles are located in the inner (medial) surface of the thigh ad moving the thigh toward the midline of the body

kyphosis

Which of the following refers to an exaggerated thoracic curvature of the spine (hunchback)

shaft of a long bone

The diaphysis is the

lone bones: humerus, femur, tibia, parietal

Which group is incorrect

occipital

This bone is found in the skull but is not a facial bone

shoulder

At which joint do the scapula and Humerus meet

fontanels

What is the name of the "soft spots" in the baby's skull

intercostal muscle

This muscle separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities and is also the chief breathing muscle

elbow

The olecranon process is most associated with this joint

epiphysis

Which of the following is located at the ends of a long bone

tibiofemoral

At which joint do the femur and tibia meet

sternoclavicular

At which joint do the scapula and upper arm bone meet

heel

Which structure includes the calcaneus

ossification

What is the term that refers to the replacement of cartilage by bone

freely movable

A synovial joint is

bones of the vertebral column: atlas, axis, coxal bone

Which group is incorrect

sternocleidomastoid

Which of the following is not a facial muscle?

hamstrings

This group of muscles is located on the posterior thigh

are the hamstrings

The biceps femoris, semitendinosus, and semimembranosus

are the muscles of the quadriceps femoris

The rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, and vastus intermedius

lie along the thigh

The quadriceps femoris group and the hamstrings

flex the arm at the elbow

The brachialis and brachioradialis

sartorius

This large muscle extends the thigh at the hip

envelops the sarcomere-containing myofibrils

The sarcoplasmic reticulum

gastrocnemius

The Achilles' tendon attaches the soleus and this muscle to the calcaneus

false

A greenstick fracture is typically seen in pediatric patients under the age of 14 years

true

The physician must perform a reduction for a displaced fracture

false

One method of treating osteoporosis is rest and non-weight-bearing exercise.

true

Heat application is contraindicated over scar tissue

false

Electric heating pads can be safely left in place up to 1 hour if the patient does not report any problems with circulation

true

Slight erythema is normal after the application of a moist hot pack or a paraffin bath

false

With therapeutic ultrasonography, the applicator should be focused directly over the affected bone

true

Passive exercise of an injured muscle can be accomplished with electric muscular stimulation

false

When a patient is fitted for crutches, the elbows should be bent approximately 45 degrees when the patient holds the handgrips.

nsaids

The typical drug treatment for fractures includes

osteoporosis

Alcohol abuse, age over 50 in women, and smoking are all risk factors for

spiral

A------------ fracture in a young child is suggestive of a child abuse injury

osteomalacia

------------------------- in children is called rickets

rheumatoid arthritis

------------------------- is caused by an autoimmune reaction against the synovial membrane that lines joints throughout the body.

tens

A ---------------------- unit can play an integral role in the management of chronic pain

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