AP Government Chapter 11

23 terms by gosleeg14 

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reapportionment

redistribution of representatives among the states, based on population change; the house is reapportioned after each census

impeachment

the formal charging of a government official with "treason, bribery, or other high crimes or misdemeanors"

incumbent

a current officeholder

gerrymandering

redrawing a congressional district to intentionally benefit one political party

casework

solving problems for constituents, especially problems involving government agencies

descriptive representation

a belief that constituents are most effectively represented by legislators who are similar to them in such key demographic characteristics as race, ethnicity, religion, or gender

racial gerrymandering

the drawing of a legislative district to maximize the chance that a minority candidate will win an election

veto

the president's disapproval of a bill that has been passed by both houses of Congress; Congress can override a veto with a two-thirds vote in each house

standing committee

a permanent congressional committee that specializes in a particular policy area

joint committee

a committee made up of members of both the House and Senate

select committee

a temporary congressional committee created for a specific purpose and disbanded after that purpose is fulfilled

conference committee

a temporary committee created to work out differences between the House and Senate versions of a specific piece of legislation

seniority

years of consecutive service on a particular congressional committee

oversight

the process of reviewing the operations of an agency to determine whether it is carrying out policies as Congress intended

Speaker of the House

the presiding officer in the House of Representatives

majority leader

the head of the majority party in the Senate; the second-highest-ranking member of the majority party in the House

filibuster

a delaying tactic, used in the Senate, that involves speech-making to prevent action on a piece of legislation

cloture

the mechanism by which a filibuster is cut off int he Senate

constituents

people who live and vote in a government official's district or state

trustee

a representative who is obligated to consider the views of constituents but is not obligated to vote according to those views if he or she believes they are misguided

delegate

a legislator whose primary responsibility is to represent the majority view of his or her constituents, regardless of his or her own view

parliamentary system

a system of government in which the chief executive is the leader whose party holds the most seats in the legislature after an election or whose party forms a major part of the ruling coalition

earmarks

federal funds appropriated by Congress for use on local projects

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