What is the name of the officer who presides over the county commissioners court?
The county judge Chapter 26
How many counties are there in the state of Texas?
254 Chapter 26
Counties function as?
An administrative arm of the state government. Chapter 26
How many commissioners are there per county?
4 Chapter 26
Do all counties have the same amount of people in them?
No Chapter 26
What are the functions of county governments in Texas?
Maintain roads and bridges - county commissioner|Law enforcement - Constables and sheriff maintain county jails.|Record keeping - County clerks|Dispute resolutions through the court system - The justice of peeve and the county and district courts.|Social service functions - Vary from county to county, most important services is indigent health care.|Tax assessment and collection - County sets tax rates and collects taxes to provide for the county's budget.| Chapter 26
What is the name of the chief law enforcement offer in the county?
The sherif Chapter 26
In large Texas counties, who prepares the county budget?
County auditor Chapter 26
What is the most important social service provided by the counties?
Welfare assistance Chapter 26
What is a home rule charter?
The rules under which a city operates if it has more than 5,000 inhabitants. Chapter 26
What is general law?
The rules under which a city operates if it has less than 5,000 inhabitants. Chapter 26
What is a mayor-council form of government?
Consists of an elected mayor and city council in which the mayor is acts as the chief execute while the city council act as the legislative body. Chapter 26
What is a commissioner from of government?
The city is run by a small commission, composed of between 5-7 members generally elected on an at large basis. Chapter 26
What is a council-manager form of government?
A form of city government in which public policies are developed by the city council and executive and administrative functions are assigned to a professional city manger. Chapter 26
What form of government does Houston have?
Mayor Council Chapter 26
What form of government does San Antonio have?
Council-Manager Chapter 26
What form of government does Dallas have?
Council manager Chapter 26
The mayor-council from of government is most common in what type of cities?
Incorporated cities, and home-rule cities. Chapter 26
What is an at large election?
An election in which officials are selected by vitas of the entire geographical area, rather than from smaller districts within that area. Chapter 26
What is the commissioner form of government?
The city is run by a small commission, in which The commission acts in both a legislative and executive capacity, and is composed of between 5-7 embers generally elected on an at large basis. Chapter 26
Which city has a strong mayor-council form of government?
Houston Chapter 26
What is the chief financial officer for a city called?
City controller Chapter 26
What is a special district?
A unit of local government that performs a single service, such as education or sanitation, within a limited geographical area. Chapter 26
What is a school district?
A specific type of special district that provides public education in a designated area. Chapter 26
What are the responsibilities of the school board?
Set overall policy for the school district.| Adopt the budget for the district.| Set the tax rate for the district.| Adopt textbooks for classroom use.| Hire principals, faculty, and support staff.| Set the school calendar.|* Determine salaries and benefits for employees.| Chapter 26
In Texas who creates the special districts?
The areas voters. Chapter 26
What are the characteristics that special districts share?
They are created by the area's voters.| Governed by the district's board.| Revenues are gained from property tax (primary source) and user fees.| Hidden government |* Problems with special districts Chapter 26
What is the main source of funding for special districts?
Property taxes and user fees. Chapter 26
What form of government is called a hidden government, and why?
Special districts because hardly anyone knows about them. Chapter 26
What is a main problem in special districts?
Developers take advantage of short term residents are make long term residents pay for the taxes on the land. Chapter 26
What is a School district?
A specific type of special district that proves public education in a designated area. Chapter 26
What is a Non-school district?
Any special district other than a school district; examples include municipal utility districts, hospital districts, and fire prevention districts.| Chapter 26
What is meant by public opinion?
Citizens' attitudes about political issues, leaders, institutions, and events. Chapter 6
What does political ideology refer to?
Refers to a complex set of beliefs and values that, as a whole, from a general philosophy about government. Chapter 6
What are 3 basic political values that americans hold?
Liberty, equality, democracy. Chapter 6
What is a political value?
Basic principles that shape a person's opinions about political issues and events. Chapter 6
What is political attitude?
A specific view about a particular issue, personality, or event. Chapter 6
What are the 5 main causes differences in political values?
Race,religion, gender, age, or other social characteristics. Chapter 6
What is political socialization?
Learning the underlaying beleifs and values on which the political system is based. Chapter 6
What are the agencies of political socialization?
The family, social groups, education, political conditions. Chapter 6
What is gender gap?
A distinctive pattern of voting behavior reflecting the differences in views between women and men. Chapter 6
People with higher levels of education tend to...?
Be more active in politics.| Chapter 6
Liberal refers to...?
Those who favor equality as the most important most important core value. Chapter 6
Conservative refers to...?
Those who favor liberty as the most important core value. Chapter 6
Why do political ideologies vary?
Because people view politics differently. Chapter 6
Liberals would most likely support...?
Legalizing abortion, opposes prayer in schools, supports affirmative action. Chapter 6
Conservatives would most likely support...?
Opposition to legalize abortion, supports prayer in pubic schools, opposes many affirmative acton programs. Chapter 6
Studies of political opinion have shown...?
That most people don't hold specific and clearly defined opinions on every political issue, and as a result they can be easily influenced. Chapter 6
Recent studies by political scientists show...?
That the average American exhibits little knowledge about political institutions Chapter 6
What is the market place of ideas?
The public forum in which beliefs and ideas are exchanged and compete. Chapter 6
What is political efficacy?
The ability to influence government and politics. Chapter 6
Three forces that shape peoples opinions are...?
Government, private groups, and the news media. Chapter 6
A creed of common ground on which the discussion of issues is encouraged based on common understandings is an example of...?
Market place of ideas. Chapter 6
To affectively market an idea, groups need?
Access to financial and media resources, public and private support, and sufficient education to attract interest. Chapter 6
What is a sample?
A small group selected by researched to represent the most important characteristics of an entire population. Chapter 6
What is probability sampling?
A method used by pollsters to select a representative sample in which every individual in the population has an equal probability of being selected as a respondent. Chapter 6
What is random digit dialing?
A polling method in which respondents are selected at random from a list of ten-digit telephone numbers with every effort made to avoid bias in the construction of the sample. Chapter 6
What is Selection bias?
Polling error that arises when the sample is not representative of the populate being studied, which creates errors in over-representing or under representing some opinions.| Chapter 6
What is sampling error?
Polling error that arises based on the small size of the sample. Chapter 6
What is measurement error?
Failure to identify the true distribution of opinion within a population because of errors such as ambiguous or poorly worded questions. Chapter 6
What is Push pooling?
A pooling technique in which the questions are designed to shape the respondent's opinion.| Chapter 6
What are salient interests?
Interests that stand out beyond others, that are of more than ordinary concern to respondents in a surgery or to voters in the electorate. Chapter 6
What is meant by Illusion of saliency?
The impression conveyed by the polls that something is important to the pubic when it actually is not. Chapter 6
What is the bandwagon effect?
A shift in electoral support to the candidate whom pubic opinion polls report as the front-runner. Chapter 6
Which source of the news is viewed by most Americans?
Television. Chapter 7
Which news source is the friendliest to politicians?
Local News Chapter 7
Why do the radio stations repeat the news several times a day?
They target a constantly changing audience. Chapter 7
Which media source is critical for setting the news agenda?
The newspaper Chapter 7
What are the 3 main sources of news?
Broadcasting media, print media, and the internet. Chapter 7
Which news source is the most important but not the most popular?
The Newspaper Chapter 7
What are the benefits of getting news from the internet?
It is updated frequently, in-depth reports, and it s accessible at any time. Chapter 7
Who regulates the broadcast media?
The FCC Chapter 7
What does the FCC stand for?
The federal communications commission. Chapter 7
Which news sources is the most free from government regulation?
The print media. Chapter 7
What are blogs?
Websites published online and general feature personal opinion and commentary on national and world events. Chapter 7
What is the telecommunications act of 1996?
An attempt to regulate the content of material transmitted over the internet by making it illegal to make "indecent" sexual material on the internet accessible to minors. Chapter 7
What is the equal time rule?
A requirement that makes broadcasters provide candidates for the same political office equal opportunities to communicate their messages to the public. Chapter 7
What is the right of rebuttal?
A FCC regulation giving individuals the right to have the opportunity to respond to personal attacks made on a radio or television broadcast. Chapter 7
What is the fairness doctrine?
A FCC requirement for broadcasters who air programs on controversial issues to provide time for opposing views; this ceased in 1985. Chapter 7
What is meant by nationalization of then news?
A rather centralized national news has developed, through which uniform picture of events, issues, and problems is presented to the entire nation.| Chapter 7
What are the 3 significant factors that determine the way the news is interpreted?
Journalists, the subjects of the news, and the audience. Chapter 7
How do reporters have the ability to influence the news?
By interpreting the news according to their opinions and ideals. Chapter 7
What is the most important selection bias in the news?
The favoring of dramatic or entertaining news delivery known to increase audience ratings. Chapter 7