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Oral Epidemiology

Reliability

The consistency or reproducibility of a measurement over time is called:
Validity
Reliability
Incidence
Prevalence

Prevalence

The numerical expression of the number of all existing cases of a disease or health condition in a population measured at a given point or period of time is called:
Validity
Reliability
Incidence
Prevalence

Sensitivity

The ability of a test to accurately identify the presence of a disease or condition when the disease is in fact present is termed:
Sensitivity
Bias
Incidence
Reliability

Proportion

A type of ratio that expresses the amount of disease or health condition with a fraction in relation to the general population is called:
Dental Index
Proportion
Rate
Calibration

Determinants

Factors or events that are capable of bringing about a change in health are called:
Relative Factors
Determinants
Rates
Indicators

Calibration

The standardization of examiners as they apply epidemiologic measurements is:
Calibration
Collaboration
Cooperation
Indicators

Endemic

The usual presence of disease in a particular geographic region is:
Endemic
Pandemic
Epidemic
Etiology

Epidemic

The occurrence of an illness or condition in excess of normal expectancy in a community or region, usually occurring suddenly and spreading rapidly, is called:
Endemic
Pandemic
Epidemic
Etiology

Pandemic

An epidemic in which the disease may cross international borders to affect several countries or continents is called:
A world epidemic
A pandemic
A world pandemic
None of the above

Trend

Long-term changes or movements in disease patterns and health-related conditions indentified by examining surveillance data is a(n):
External validity
Surveillance movement
Trend
Internal validity

Validity

The accuracy of measurement is called:
Prevalence
Validity
Reliability
Surveillance

Specificity

The ability of a test to accurately identify the absence of a disease or condition is:
Specificity
Surveillance
Bias
Sensitivity

Ratio

The expression of the magnitude of one occurrence of disease exposure in relation to another with a fraction is a(n):
Determinant
Proportion
Ratio
Index

Predictive Value

The ability of a diagnostic test to accurately measure both the presence and absence of disease is called:
Sensitivity
Specificity
Predictive Value
Relative Value

None of the Above

The elimination of disease through surveillance and containment is called:
Monitoring
Absence
Etiology
None of the Above

Epidemiology

The study of the frequency and distribution of diseases, disability, and death in a population is called:
Epidemiology
An epidemic
Endemic
Etiology

Intraexaminer Reliability

The consistency of a single examiner in the application of an index over time is termed:
Intraexaminer validity
Intraexaminer reliability
interexaminer reliability
interexaminer validity

Interexaminer Reliability

The consistency between two or more examiners as they apply an index over time is called:
Intraexaminer validity
Intraexaminer reliability
interexaminer reliability
interexaminer validity

Incidence

The rate of new cases of a disease during or over a given time period is:
Reliability
validity
incidence
prevalence

Etiology

The study of disease is called:
an epidemic
endemic
etiology
epidemiology

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