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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. replacement level fertility
  2. birth rate
  3. abortion rate
  4. logistic carrying capacity
  5. abortion ratio
  1. a fertility rate required for a population to remain a constant level
  2. b the estimated number of abortions per 1000 live births in a given year
  3. c the estimated number of abortions per 1000 women aged 15 to 44 in a given year
  4. d the rate at which births occur in a population, measured either as the number of individuals born per unit of time or as the percentage of births per unit of time compared with the total population
  5. e In terms of the logistic curve, the population size at which births equal deaths and there is no net change in the population

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. a group of individuals capable of interbreeding and producing fertile offspring
  2. a population in which the number of births equals the number of deaths so that there is no net change in the size of the population
  3. genetically determined maximum possible age to which an individual of a species can live
  4. The S-shaped growth curve that is generated by the logistic growth equation. In the logistic, a small population grows rapidly, but the growth rate slows down, and the population eventually reaches a constant size
  5. the maximum abundance of a population or species that can exist in an ecosystem without degrading the ability of the ecosystem to maintain: (1) that population of species; (2) all necesary ecosystem processes; (3) the other species found in that ecosystem

5 True/False Questions

  1. populationa group of individuals capable of interbreeding and producing fertile offspring


  2. population dynamicsa group of individuals of the same species living in the same area or interbreeding and sharing genetic information


  3. age structurestructure of a population divided into groups by age. Sometimes the groups represent the actual number of each age in the population; sometimes the group represents the percentage or proportion of the population of each age


  4. life expectancyThe estimated average number of years (or other time period used as a measure) that an individual of a specific age can expect to live


  5. demographythe study of human population characteristics, such as age structure, demographic transition, total fertility, human population and environmental relationships, death-rate factors, and standard of living


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