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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. replacement level fertility
  2. epidemic disease
  3. zero population growth
  4. death rate
  5. age structure
  1. a The rate at which deaths occur in a population, measured either as the number of individuals dying per unit time or as the percentage of a population dying per unit time
  2. b a population in which the number of births equals the number of deaths so that there is no net change in the size of the population
  3. c structure of a population divided into groups by age. Sometimes the groups represent the actual number of each age in the population; sometimes the group represents the percentage or proportion of the population of each age
  4. d fertility rate required for a population to remain a constant level
  5. e a disease that appears occasionally in the population, affects a large percentage of it, and declines or almost disappears for a while only to reappear later

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the estimated number of abortions per 1000 women aged 15 to 44 in a given year
  2. a group of individuals of the same species living in the same area or interbreeding and sharing genetic information
  3. the continued growth of a population that occurrs after achievement of replacement level fertility is reached
  4. the maximum abundance of a population or species that can exist in an ecosystem without degrading the ability of the ecosystem to maintain: (1) that population of species; (2) all necesary ecosystem processes; (3) the other species found in that ecosystem
  5. The estimated average number of years (or other time period used as a measure) that an individual of a specific age can expect to live

5 True/False questions

  1. population dynamicsa group of individuals of the same species living in the same area or interbreeding and sharing genetic information

          

  2. human demographythe study of human population characteristics, such as age structure, demographic transition, total fertility, human population and environmental relationships, death-rate factors, and standard of living

          

  3. growth ratethe rate at which births occur in a population, measured either as the number of individuals born per unit of time or as the percentage of births per unit of time compared with the total population

          

  4. total fertilityaverage number of children expected to be born to a woman during her lifetime

          

  5. demographic transitionThe pattern of change in birth and death rates as a country is transformed from undeveloped to developed. THere are three stages: (1) in an undeveloped country, birth and death rates are high and the growth rate is low; (2) the death rate decreases, but the birth rate remains high and the growth rate is high; (3) the birth rate drops toward the death rate and the growth and the growth rate therefore also decreases

          

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