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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. chronic
  2. population momentum or lag effect
  3. per-capita availability
  4. maximum lifetime
  5. logistic carrying capacity
  1. a In terms of the logistic curve, the population size at which births equal deaths and there is no net change in the population
  2. b the continued growth of a population that occurrs after achievement of replacement level fertility is reached
  3. c the amount of a resource available per person
  4. d genetically determined maximum possible age to which an individual of a species can live
  5. e a disease that is usually present in a population, typically occurring in a relatively small but constant percentage of the population

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a group of individuals capable of interbreeding and producing fertile offspring
  2. the estimated number of abortions per 1000 women aged 15 to 44 in a given year
  3. the rate at which births occur in a population, measured either as the number of individuals born per unit of time or as the percentage of births per unit of time compared with the total population
  4. The pattern of change in birth and death rates as a country is transformed from undeveloped to developed. THere are three stages: (1) in an undeveloped country, birth and death rates are high and the growth rate is low; (2) the death rate decreases, but the birth rate remains high and the growth rate is high; (3) the birth rate drops toward the death rate and the growth and the growth rate therefore also decreases
  5. the estimated number of abortions per 1000 live births in a given year

5 True/False questions

  1. epidemic diseasea disease that appears occasionally in the population, affects a large percentage of it, and declines or almost disappears for a while only to reappear later

          

  2. death ratethe rate at which births occur in a population, measured either as the number of individuals born per unit of time or as the percentage of births per unit of time compared with the total population

          

  3. logistic growth curveThe net increase of some factor per unit time. In ecology, the growth rate of a population is sometimes measured as the increase in numbers of individuals or biomass per unit time and sometimes as a percentage increase in numbers or biomass per unit time

          

  4. demographythe study of human population characteristics, such as age structure, demographic transition, total fertility, human population and environmental relationships, death-rate factors, and standard of living

          

  5. population age structurethe number of individuals or proportion of the population in each age clas

          

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