examine human mind and human behavior from a number of angle. goal - to study the interaction of people within their env. # of ways group effect on ind. ind effect on group. group effect on group.
first impression = most impt. ie. parent told child to be nice at the first day of school
impression has a big impact of how every great person. ie. when you find find them annoying, you avoid convo, eye contact, etc. impact the nature of relationship.
Phone Conversation Study
1/2 male show pic of attractive girl. 1/2 male show pic of unattractive girl. not as nice to ugly girl, flirt with pretty girl. found out that female response also cause women to change response - direct response.
The Pygmalion Effect
teacher expectation affect children's learning. student got smarter when teacher expect them to get smarter.
a generalized belief/expectation about a group of people. can be both good & bad. often beneficial and necessary.
an unfavorable attitude toward a group of people. ie. jane elliot's exp - blue eye & brown eyes.
unequal treatment of different group
Implicit Attitude Test (IAT)
sort pic w/ words and color. ie black & bad. find if they have pos/neg thoughts about certain things
Common Goals and Exposure
reduce the influences of prejudices in our society.
assign causes to behavior
explaining behavior - who they are; internal characteristics. ie. just erin winking
explaining behavior - social env; based on situation + surrounding env. ie. everyone winks
does everyone respond the same way to this situation? ie. if everyone push susie, there must be an issue with susie. if bob push susie, it must something wrong with bob.
does the person often respond the same way in other situation? ie. is bob punishing everybody? assume something is wrong with bob.
does this response occur every time in this situation? something that happens over and over again? ie.bob punch 'em everyday
Fundamental Attribution Error
look at someone & just assume it is because of them.
force 1/2 of student to write pro about castro & 1/2 to write cons about castro. wrote despite of social pressure.
Different Amongst Culture
fish exp = social interaction. amer = ind want to be leader. asian = did not fit in group
tendency to make internal attribution for other while making external for ourselves. ie - cutting someone off
tendency to attribute personal failure to situation while attributing personal success to ourselves. ie - failing a test.