African literature is as old as ______
it was at the southern end of the NIle.
was gaining strength and prominence.
710 B.C, he succeeded in conquering and ruling Egypt.
was ruled by a royal brother
Kushite Loyal family
they traced their lineage through the family line.
More woman ruled in _____ than in any other ancient civilization.
The capital city of Kush
It thrived as a major producer of iron well into the second century A.D
Small civilization grew up around the edges of ______
These groups farmed and raised livestock in the fertile surrounding the desert.
from northern Sudan who had a well-developed oral literary.
The Fasa's deeds are recalled in fragments of the Soninke oral epic _____
_______ is the period between 3rd century.
Africa's golden age
During this time sculpture, music, metalwork and literature flourished.
The rich kingdom of ______ arose in what is known today as Ethiophia
Aksum is known as ______ today
flourished because it was at the center of a trade that extended from Rome to India
While the _____ culture fell into decline in the 6th century A.D. it left behind its own writing system.
a series of great civilization arose including the kingdom of _______ that was formed by the Soninke after 300 A.D
he was the founder of Old Ghana
These people and their great kingdom took over around A.D and created the empire of Old Mali.
It was created by the Malinke
The legendary city of ____ was the center of trade and culture for the Mali and Songhai empires.
Africa's Golden Age
While this period, several oral epics including the Malian epic
Malian epic from Africa's Golden Age.
During 4th century A.D, it proclaimed Christianity its state religion and took control of the entire northern coast of Africa.
Christian influence spread east to Aksum, which even which eventually led to the founding of the _______ and is still one of the largest religious groups in Ethiopia.
was introduced into Africa, and with it the Arabic writing system By 1235.
was the state religion of Old Mali and other eastern African nations.
before the twentieth century was primarily an Oral tradition.
One reason for this is the total quality of many African languages in which words change meaning depending on the tone in which they are spoken
spoken in Cameron, a word can change meaning depending on whether it is spoken in a high tone or a low tone.
it is largely an oral tradition because it has been so strongly developed and vital in African culture.
Bards, story teller, town criers, and oral historians have been part of everyday life in African culture for hundreds of year.
The traditional keepers of oral literature were called ____.
who were historians and storytellers who can be thought of as ____
they concerned as living libraries.
they may be professional storytellers or entertainers, but in the past griots had important role in memorizing and transmitting.
They keep their histories, laws and literature.
has a varied number of literary forms, many share certain features such as: striking images of nature, poignant the human condition, and subtle ironies speak clearly that speak clearly to modern readers, transcending barriers of time and culture.
A primary epic
It is based on sundiata Keita, the story's hero, really existed.
was recorded the 1950s
Who first wrote the Sundiata
Heroic main character, Sundiata
powerful foe who opposes the protagonist, Soumaoro Kante.
Formal, elevated style, Omniscient point of view.
Protagonist, can't walk but became a hero.
Queen of some kingdom, and then kicked out Mari Djata
values of her culture
put down on lower classe.s