Blood supply of the Head and Neck

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48 terms

artery

a large blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body

arteriole

one of the small thin-walled arteries that end in capillaries

capillary

smaller than an arteriole; smallest blood vessel able to carry blood to large areas of tissue because there are so many of them

venule

a smaller vessel that carries blood from a capillary to a vein

vein

a blood vessel that carries blood from the capillaries toward the heart

plexus

a network of intersecting blood vessels or intersecting nerves or intersecting lymph vessels

anastomosis

opening; joining of two blood vessels to allow flow from one to the other

common carotid

Divides into external and internal branches at the level of Adam's apple.

aorta

the common carotid and subclavian arteries arise directly from the _________ on the left side of the body.

brachiocephalic artery

the common carotid and subclavian arteries are both branches of the

lateral

the subclavian artery arises ____ to the common carotid artery and its major destination is the upper extremity and arm.

The internal and external carotid arteries

The carotid artery divides into two branches at the border of the thyroid cartilage. what are these branches?

carotid sinus

swelling of carotid artery in neck (the barirreceoptor)

internal carotid artery

the branch of the carotid artery that supplies blood to the brain and eyes and internal parts of the head

external carotid artery

the branch of the carotid artery that supplies blood to the face and tongue and external parts of the head

Anterior Branches

Superior Thyroid Artery, Lingual Artery, and Facial Artery are what branches of the external carotid artery?

infrahyoid muscles, SCM muscle, muscles of the larynx and thyroid gland.

The four branches of the Superior thyroid artery serve these tissues inferior to the hyoid bone.

Superior thyroid artery

Infrahyoid, sternocleidomastiod, superior laryngeal and superior and inferior thyroid are the branches of this anterior external carotid artery.

Lingual Artery

Lingual, deep lingual, sublingual and suprahyoid are the branches of this anterior external carotid artery.

Facial artery

ascending palatine artery, submental artery, inferior labial artery, superior labial artery and angular artery are the branches of this anterior external carotid artery.

suprahyoid muscles, mylohyoid muscle, sublingual salivary glands, floor of the mouth and tongue

The four branches of the lingual artery serve these tissues superior to the hyoid bone.

the five branches fo the facial artery

What artery serves these tissues; the soft palate, palatine muscles, palatine tonsils, submandibular lymph nodes, submandibular salivary glands, mylohyoid and digastric muscles, upper and lower lip tissues, muscles of facial expression, and tissue of the side of the nose.

Medial Branch

The ascending pharyngeal artery is a branch of what external carotid artery?

Ascending phyngeal artery

the pharyngeal and meningeal are what branches of the medial branch of the external branch of the carotid artery branch?

Pharyngeal walls, soft palate, and meninges of the brain

The ascending pharyngeal artery supplies what tissues?

pharyngeal and meningeal

What are the branches of the ascending phyngeal artery?

Posterior branch

The Occipital artery and posterior auricular artery are branches of what external carotid artery branch?

Occipital artery

The muscular, sternocleidomastoid, auricular and meningeal are branches of what posterior branch of the external carotid artery?

Posterior Auricular artery

The auricular and stylomastoid are branchses of what posterior branch of the external carotid artery?

inner ear and mastiod air cells

What tissues does the posterior auricular artery supply?

suprahyoid muscles, SCM muscles, scalp and meningeal tissues

What tissues does the occipital artery supply?

Terminal Branch

Superficial temporal artery and maxillary artery are the branches of what branch of hte external carotid artery?

Superficial temporal artery

Transverse facial, middle temporal, frontal, and parietal are branches of what terminal branch of the external carotid artery?

parotid gland duct and nearby facial tissues, temporalis muscle and scalp

What are the tissues supplied by the Superficial temporal artery?

Maxillary Artery

The middle meningeal, inferior alveolar, deep temporal, pterygoid, masseteric, buccal, posterior superior alveolar, infraorbital, greater palatine and sphenopalatine are branches of waht artery of the terminal branch of the external carotid artery?

middle meningeal

This branch of the maxillary artery supplies the meninges of the brain via the foramen spinosum.

inferior alveolar

This branch of the maxillary artery supplies the mandibular teeth and their periodontium, floor of the mouth, mental regionand mylohyoid muscle.

inferior alveolar

Mylohyoid, mental, and incisive arteries are branches of what maxillary artery branch?

deep temporal

This branch of the maxillary artery supplies the temporalis muscle.

pterygoid

This branch of the maxillary artery supplies the lateral and mdial pterygoid muscles.

massesteric

This branch of the maxillary artery supplies the massester muscle.

buccal

This branch of the maxillary artery supplies the buccinator and buccal region.

posterior superior alveolar

This branch of the maxillary artery supplies the posterior maxillary teeth and their periodontium, amd maxillary sinus.

Infraorbital

This branch of the maxillary artery supplies the orbital region, face and anterior maxillary teeth and their periodontium.

greater palatine

This branch of the maxillary artery supplies the hard and soft palates.

sphenopalatine

This branch of the maxillary artery supplies the nasal cavity and anterior hard palate.

orbital and anterior superior alveolar

what are the branches of the infraorbital artery?

nasopalatine

What is the branch of the sphenopalatine artery?

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