Chapter 3 Illness/Injury Prevention Vocabulary

14 terms by firemanbif 

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Chronology

The arrangement of events in time

Epidemiology

The study of the causes, patterns, prevalence, and control of disease in groups of people

Epidemiologist

Medical professional who studies the causes, distribution, and control of disease in populations

Injury

Intentional or unintentional damage to a person that resulted from acute exposure to thermal, mechanical, electrical, or chemical energy or from the absence of such essentials as heat or oxygen

Injury Risk

A real or potential hazardous situation that puts individuals at risk for sustaining an injury

Injury Surveillance

An ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of injury data essential to the planning, implementation, and evaluation of public health practice, closely integrated with the timely dissemination of the data to those who need to know

Intentional Injury

Injuries and deaths self-inflicted or perpetrated by another person, usually involving some type of violence

Morbidity

Nonfatal injury rates

Mortality

Death Rate

Primary Injury Prevention

Keeping an injury from occurring

Secondary Injury Prevention

Preventing further injury from an event that has already occurred

Teachable Moment

The time just after an injury has occurred when the patient and observers remain acutely aware of what has happened and may be more receptive to learning how the event or illness could have been prevented

Unintentional Injury

Injuries and deaths not self-inflicted or perpetrated by another person (accidents)

Years of Potential Life Lost (YPLL)

A method that assumes that, on average, most people will live a productive life until the age of 65 years

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