A loose combination of DNA and proteins that is present during interphase.
Process by which a cell divides it's nucleus and DNA
Process by which DNA is copied
Two identical chromatids (p.139)
Cell that has only one copy of each chromosome
Long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous genes and regulatory information.
region of condensed chromosomes that look pinched; where spindle fibers attach during meiosis and mitosis.
A cell that has two copies of each chromosome, one from egg and one from sperm.
The cell cycle where cells are growing and DNA is being copied in preparation for cell division. Period of the cell cycle between cell divisions.
protein structures which move the chromosomes during cell division.
division of the cytoplasm during cell division
one of the pair of chromosomes that determine the sex of an individual
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not directly related to the sex of the organism.
one half of a duplicated chromosome
chromosome that has the same length, appearance, and copies of genes.
small cylinder shaped organelle made of protein tubes arranged in a circle. Aids mitosis.
specific region of DNA that codes for a particular protein; A sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines a trait.
sex cell - an egg or sperm cell
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually reproducing organisms. Nuclear division that divides a diploid cell into a haploid cell.