Cultural Literacy Terms 7

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c.l. terms English IV

animism

belief that natural objects possess a soul or spirit

anthropomorphism

attributing of human characteristics and purposes to inanimate objects, animals, plants, or other phenomena, or to God

asceticism

austere, simple way of life which renounces material pleasures and devotes energy to moral or religious purposes

avatar

Hinduism, a god made visibly present in human form; any new embodiment of an old idea

Baha'i

teacher or follower of a religion advocating universal peace and stressing the spiritual unity of human kind

patronage

power of a government official or leader to make appointments and offer favors

Peace Corps

agency of U.S. Government that sends American volunteers to developing nations to help improve living standards and provide training

plantiff

party that institutes a suit in court and sues the defendant

platform

poltical party's or candidate's written statement of principles and plans

pocket veto

automatice veto of a bill that occurs if the president or govenor neither signs nor vetoes a bill within 10 days of receiving it

depreciation

decline over time in the value of a tangible asset

depression

period of drastic decline in the natinal economy, decreasing business activity, falling prices, and unemployment

dividend

payment to the stockholders or corporation from the corporation's earnings

division of labor

dividing a job into many specialized parts, with a single worker or a few workers assigned to each part

dot-coms

colloquial name given to start-up companies that sells goods and services over the internet

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