2-2 and 2-3 6th Grade 2011

Created by jamesmoore Teacher

ziggurat

a massive stepped tower on which was built a temple dedicated to the chief god or goddess of a Sumerian city

society

group of people forming a community

polytheism

belief in many gods

monotheism

belief in one God

scribe

before the invention of printing, a person who wrote books by hand; a writer

cuneiform

a system of writing with wedge-shaped symbols, invented by the Sumerians around 3000 B.C.

conquer

to overcome; to defeat; to take control of

empire

a group of states or territories controlled by one ruler

dynasty

a powerful family or group of rulers that maintains its position or power for some time

Sumer

A group of ancient city-states in southern Mesopotamia; the earliest civilization in Mesopotamia.

Akkadian

area in Mesopotamia with loyalty to king rather than city-state

Wheel

Sumerian invention that allowed a better way to transport goods

Plow

to turn over dirt, often in long rows, so that seeds can be planted

class system

"social status" ranking classes (rank of people in social class)

Hammurabi

King of the Babylonian empire; creator of the Code of Hammurabi, one of the world's oldest codes of law.

Babylon

The largest and most important city in Mesopotamia. It achieved particular eminence as the capital of the Amorite king Hammurabi in the eighteenth century B.C.E. and the Neo-Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar in the sixth century B.C.E. (p. 29)

Assyrians

known as a warrior people who ruthlessly conquered neighboring countries; their empire stretched from east to north of the Tigris River all the way to centeral Egypt; used ladders, weapons like iron-tipped spears, daggers and swords, tunnels, and fearful military tactics to gain strength in their empire

Ashurbanipal

An Assyrian king who told people to bring back writings and collected about 20,000 cuniform tablets were now found form him. Made a huge library in Nineveh

Nebuchadnezzar

The most famous Chaldean king who rebuilt Babylon into a beautiful city whose palace featured the famous Hanging Gardens which were trees and flowers that grew on its terraces and roofs that, from the ground, seemed to hang in the air.

Nineveh

the capital of the Assyrian Empire and the site of a great library under King Ashurbanipal

Code of Hammurabi

A collection of 282 laws which were enforced under Hammurabi's Rule. One of the first examples of written law in the ancient civilizations.

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com. Click to see the original works with their full license.

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