a massive stepped tower on which was built a temple dedicated to the chief god or goddess of a Sumerian city
A group of ancient city-states in southern Mesopotamia; the earliest civilization in Mesopotamia.
King of the Babylonian empire; creator of the Code of Hammurabi, one of the world's oldest codes of law.
The largest and most important city in Mesopotamia. It achieved particular eminence as the capital of the Amorite king Hammurabi in the eighteenth century B.C.E. and the Neo-Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar in the sixth century B.C.E. (p. 29)
known as a warrior people who ruthlessly conquered neighboring countries; their empire stretched from east to north of the Tigris River all the way to centeral Egypt; used ladders, weapons like iron-tipped spears, daggers and swords, tunnels, and fearful military tactics to gain strength in their empire
An Assyrian king who told people to bring back writings and collected about 20,000 cuniform tablets were now found form him. Made a huge library in Nineveh
The most famous Chaldean king who rebuilt Babylon into a beautiful city whose palace featured the famous Hanging Gardens which were trees and flowers that grew on its terraces and roofs that, from the ground, seemed to hang in the air.
the capital of the Assyrian Empire and the site of a great library under King Ashurbanipal