His original name was Alphonsus Capone. He was most ruthless crime boss in the 1900's. He had a private army of 700 criminals in Chicago. He violently seized control of the cities 10,000 speakeasies.Chicago-based boss involved in ( all illegal) gambling, alcohol and prostitution. To see a picture of Al Capone go to http://imagecache2.allposters.com/images/pic/scrp/SUB26~Al-Capone-Posters.jpg
The NAACP stands for National Association of the Advancement of Colored People. This association worked to make people aware of crimes against African Americans. It was unable to get Congress to pass a legislation to help African Americans fight against discrimination.
Marcus Garvey is the founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association. It was an association that called for a return to Africa and the formation of a separate nation there. He stated that " If Europe is for the Europeans, then Africa shall be for the black peoples of the world" To see a picture of Marcus Garvey go to http://media-2.web.britannica.com/eb-media/66/766-004-C9DCD21B.jpg
The symbol of the 1920s American woman was the flapper. The flapper was the creation of John Held Jr., a magazine illustrator. Flappers often wore bobbed hair, makeup and dresses that fell to just below the knee. They were always eager to try something new, whether it was a new fashion or a fad. They had more freedom than previous generations. They drove cars, played sports, went to college, and took jobs.
On January 16, 1920. That date was when the 18th amendment went into effect. The amendment was commonly called Prohibition. Prohibition was the ban on the manufacture and sale of alcohol.
In religion, a movement called fundamentalism gained both recognition and political power. Fundamentalists believed in a literal, or word for word, interpretation of the Bible. They did not want taught in schools because it opposed the biblical story of creation. Evolution is the scientific theory that living things developed over millions of years from earlier and simpler life forms. Fundamentalists succeeded in banning the teaching of evolution in Tennessee and 12 other states. In 1925, in Dayton, Tennessee, biology teacher John Scopes broke this law. He took this action to test if the law could be enforced. Scopes's trial attracted national attention. The jury found John Scopes guilty, but the Tennessee Supreme Court reversed the decision. This controversy over the teaching of evolution continues today.
The Ku Klux Klan was also called the KKK (said as the "K", "K", "K"). The KKK called for a "morally pure" and "racially" pure America. It became a strong force in many states in America, even states that were not in the South. In 1924 the KKK claimed to have 5 million members. It tried to influence national, state and local politics by using violence against African Americans and other groups.
Ku Klux Klan