Systematic Theology

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Key phrases of verses relating to first semester Systematic Theology at Bob Jones University

Natural Theology- God has revealed Himself to man by means of his works.

Psalm 19:1-4, Acts 14:15-17, Acts 17:24-29, Romans 1:19-21

Psalm 19:1-4

"The heavens declare the glory of God..."

Acts 14:15-17

"Nevertheless, He left not Himself without witness..."

Acts 17:24-29

"Seeing that He is Lord of heaven and earth..."

Romans 1:19-21

"...because that which may be known of God is manifest in them, for God hath showed it unto them."

Inspiration- the Bible is the Word of God.

II Timothy 3:16, II Peter 1:19-21, John 10:35

II Timothy 3:16

"All Scripture is given by inspiration of God..."

II Peter 1:19-21

"...for the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Ghost."

John 10:35

"...and the Scripture cannot be broken."

God's Nature: great passages

Psalm 103, Psalm 139, Isaiah 40

Psalm 103

"...but the mercy of the Lord is from everlasting to everlasting..."

Psalm 139

"How precious also are thy thoughts unto me, O God! How great is the sum of them!

Isaiah 40

"Who hath directed the Spirit of the Lord? Or being His counselor hath taught Him?"

Deity of Christ- Jesus Christ is God.

He is called God.
John 1:1, John 1:18, John 20:28, Romans 9:5, Titus 2:13, Hebrews 1:8, I John 5:20

He is worshiped as God.
John 5:23, Philippians 2:10-11, Hebrews 1:6

He is identified as Yahweh.
Matthew 3:3, Isaiah 40:3
Hebrews 1:6, Psalm 97:7

John 1:1

"...and the Word was God."

John 1:18

"The Word became flesh and dwelt among us..."

John 20:28

"My Lord, and my God."

Romans 9:5

"Christ came, Who is over all, God blessed forever."

Titus 2:13

"...the great God and our Savior Jesus Christ."

Hebrews 1:8

"...but unto the Son He saith, 'Thy throne, O God, is forever and ever...'"

I John 5:20

"...even in His Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life."

John 5:23

"That all men should honor the Son, even as they honor the Father."

Philippians 2:10-11

"...that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow...and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord to the glory of God the Father..."

Hebrews 1:6

"...and let all the angels of God worship Him."

Matthew 3:3, Isaiah 40:3

"Prepare ye the way of the LORD..."

Hebrews 1:6, Psalm 97:7

"Let all the angels of heaven worship Him..." "...worship Him, all ye gods."

Oneness of God (God is one).

Deuteronomy 6:4, Isaiah 44:6, John 17:3

Deuteronomy 6:4

"...the LORD our God is one LORD..."

Isaiah 44:6

"...and beside me there is no God..."

John 17:3

"...the only true God..."

Personal distinctions in the Trinity- Jesus Christ is a distinct person from God the Father.

Matthew 27:46; John 5:32, 37; Galatians 4:4

Matthew 27:46

"My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?"

John 5:32, 37

"There is Another that beareth witness of me..." "And the Father Himself, Which hath sent Me, hath borne witness of Me..."

Galatians 4:4

"...God sent forth His Son..."

New Testament Trinitarian formulas- The Scripture identifies three divine persons.

Matthew 28:19, II Corinthians 13:14

Matthew 28:19

"...in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost..."

II Corinthians 13:14

"The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost..."

Personality of the Holy Spirit- The Holy Spirit is a person.

John 15:26, John 16:13-14, Ephesians 4:30

John 15:26

"But when the Comforter is come..."

John 16:13-14

emphasis on personal pronouns, "He"

Ephesians 4:30

"...grieve not the Holy Spirit of God..."

Divine Messiah in the OT- The OT reveals that the coming Messiah would Himself be God.

Isaiah 9:6, Micah 5:2

Isaiah 9:6

"...and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace."

Micah 5:2

"...whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting."

Preservation- God is directly responsible for the continued existence of what He has created.

Nehemiah 9:6, Colossians 1:17, Hebrews 1:3

Nehemiah 9:6

"...and Thou preservest them all..."

Colossians 1:17

"...and by Him all things consist."

Hebrews 1:3

"...upholding all things by the word of His power..."

Providence- God controls His universe in accordance with His purposes.

Psalm 104; Proverbs 21:1; Daniel 4:25, 35; Matthew 6:26-30

Psalm 104

"...O LORD, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches..."

Proverbs 21:1

"...The king's heart is in the hand of the LORD..."

Daniel 4:25, 35

"...the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will..." "... he doeth according to his will in the army of heaven, and among the inhabitants of the earth..."

Matthew 6:26-30

"... yet your heavenly Father feedeth them..." "...shall he not much more clothe you..."

He is called God.

John 1:1, John 1:18, John 20:28, Romans 9:5, Titus 2:13, Hebrews 1:8, I John 5:20

He is worshiped as God.

John 5:23, Philippians 2:10-11, Hebrews 1:6

He is identified as Yahweh.

Matthew 3:3, Isaiah 40:3
Hebrews 1:6, Psalm 97:7

Soul-body distinction- Man has an immaterial soul which is distinct from his body.

Luke 16:22-23, II Corinthians 5:8

Luke 16:22-23

Rich man & Lazarus

II Corinthians 5:8

"...to be absent fro the body, and to be present with the Lord."

Definition of Sin

I John 3:4, I John 5:17

I John 3:4

"Sin is the transgression of the law."

I John 5:17

"...all unrighteousness is sin."

Original sin- Adam's sin has affected all his descendants.

Romans 5:12, 17-19; I Corinthians 15:21-22

Romans 5:12, 17-19

"...and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:"

I Corinthians 15:21-22

"...as in Adam all die."

Universality of sin- All of mankind are sinners.

Ecclesiastes 7:20; Isaiah 64:6; Romans 3:10, 12, 19, 23

Ecclesiastes 7:20

"...and sinneth not."

Isaiah 64:6

"...all as an unclean thing..."

Romans 3:10, 12, 19, 23

"...There is none righteous, no, not one...there is none that doeth good, no, not one...and all the world may become guilty before God...For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God..."

Early manifestation of sin- Members of the human race are sinners from birth.

Psalm 51:5, Psalm 58:3

Psalm 51:5

"Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me."

Psalm 58:3

"The wicked are estranged from the womb: they go astray as soon as they be born, speaking lies."

Effects of sin on others- Sin affects others besides the sinner himself.

Exodus 20:5-6, Joshua 22:17, 20

Exodus 20:5-6

"visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation...And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments."

Joshua 22:17, 20

"...and that man perished not alone in his iniquity."

God's justice in regard to the effects of sin- God does not punish one man for another man's sin.

Deuteronomy 24:16, Ezekiel 18:2-4

Deuteronomy 24:16

"...every man shall be put to death for his own sin."

Ezekiel 18:2-4

"...the soul that sinneth, it shall die."

Depth of man's corruption- Sin has corrupted even to the depths of mankind's inner being.

Genesis 6:5-6, Ecclesiastes 9:3, Jeremiah 17:9

Genesis 6:5-6

"...and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually..."

Ecclesiastes 9:3

"...the heart of the sons of men is full of evil..."

Jeremiah 17:9

"The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked..."

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