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roll allocation

refers to the methods by which individuals are allocated (distributed to) status-roles. Put another way, it describes how individuals acquire their status-roles, how they become incumbents in status-roles.

status

is a position in society. One status is professor; another is student.

role

is the rights and obligations associated with a status (social position).

status-role

is a position in society with rights and obligations attached.

role-conflict

is situation in which a person occupies two or more social roles that make incompatible demands on that person. Example are professor and father; CEO and wife.

how are individuals allocated to status-roles

(1) qualities (e.g., sex, race, lineage)
(2) performance (e.g., high school graduation; number of quarterback sacks)

third major hypothesis

ALL SOCIETAL INSTITUTIONS HAVE POSITIVE CONSEQUENCES FOR THE CONTINUATION OF THE CLASS STRUCTURE.

fourth major hypothesis

SOCIAL CLASS POSITION IS THE VARIABLE THAT MOST SIGNIFICANTLY INFLUENCES LIFE CHANCES, OPPORTUNITY, AND ROLE ALLOCATION.

three world global stratification

Most Industrialized, Industrializing, and Least Industrialized Nations.

environmental sociology

emerged about 1970, as a subdiscipline of sociology that focuses on the relationship between human societies and the environment.

growth machine versus the earth

the earth is ****ed.

industrial catch up and competition

the most industrialized nations set the standard and push it, while industrializing nations try to catch up , and even more the least industrialized nations trying to catch up from even further behind.

The solution to what functional prerequisite produces the system of stratification?

Adaptation

What functional prerequisites are made more difficult to solve because of stratification?

Tension management, integration, goal attainment and adaptation

environmental responsibility

is highest in industrialized nations, and usually follows industrialization.

allocation to roles by qaulities

happens early when qualities are found to be present and usually never ends

consequences of early allocation

Less individual flexibility
Lower status anxiety
Lower societal productivity
Less societal flexibility
Less social disorder

allocation to roles by achievement

Training must wait until ability and motivation are known.
Allocation during late teens and early adulthood is common.

consequences of later allocation

Higher status anxiety
Higher productivity
More individual flexibility
More societal flexibility
Higher levels of social disorder

how to avoid social classes

Parents cannot favor their children.
No one can accumulate goods or resources to gain an advantage over others.

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