American Pageant Chapter 31

49 terms by 3170qwerty 

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Billy Sunday

American fundamentalist minister; he used colorful language and powerful sermons to drive home the message of salvation through Jesus and to oppose radical and progressive groups.

red scare

Most instense outbreak of national alarm, began in 1919. Success of communists in Russia, American radicals embracing communism followed by a series of mail bombings frightened Americans. Attorney General A. MItchell Palmer led effort to deport aliens without due processs, with widespread support. Did not last long as some Americans came to their senses. Sacco/Vanzetti trial demonstrated anti-foreign feeling in 20's. Accused of armed robbery & murder, had alibis. "Those anarchists bastards". Sentenced to death and executed.

A. Mitchell Palmer

Attorney General who rounded up many suspects who were thought to be un-American and socialistic; he helped to increase the Red Scare; he was nicknamed the "Fighting Quaker" until a bomb destroyed his home; he then had a nervous breakdown and became known as the "Quaking Fighter."

Buford

"Soviet Ark" ; 249 alien radicals deported to Soviet Union

Sacco and Vanzetti case

Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were Italian immigrants charged with murdering a guard and robbing a shoe factory in Braintree Mass. The trial lasted from 1920-1927. Convicted on circumstantial evidence; many believed they had been framed for the crime because of their anarchist and pro-union activities.

KKK

a secret society of white Southerners in the United States

Emergency Quota Act of 1921

1921 Act that stipulates only 3% of 1910 immigrants are allowed in

Immigration Act of 1924

This was passed in 1924--cut quotas for foreigners from 3 % to 2% of the total number of immigrants in 1890--purpose was to freeze America's existing racial composition (which was largely Northern European) --prevented Japanese from immigrating, causing outrage in Japan.

Horace Kallen

believed in pluralism (preservation of identity) ; U.S. should provide protective canopy for ethnic & racial groups, believed in pluralism (preservation of identity) ;; U.S. should provide protective canopy for ethnic & racial groups

Prohibition

a law forbidding the sale of alcoholic beverages; 18th Amendment

drys

supported prohibition

wets

people who drank and smuggled alcohol; opposed prohibition

noble experiment

Another name for prohibition

bootlegging

the act of making of transporting alcoholic liquor for sale illegally

Al Capone

"Scarface" United States gangster who terrorized Chicago during Prohibition until arrested for tax evasion (1899-1947)

Charles A. Lindbergh

He was the first person to fly to paris france a trans atlantic flight; flew The Spirit of St.Lewis

John Dewey

United States pragmatic philosopher who advocated progressive education (1859-1952)

Model T

Tin Lizzie

D.W. Griffith

The Birth of a Nation

H.L. Mencken

American Mercury

F. Scott Fitzgerald

The Great Gatsby

Ernest Hemingway

The Sun Also Rises, A Farewell to Arms

Sincliar Lewis

Main Street Babbit

William Faulkner

The Sound and The Fury

Ezra Pound

poet ;; "Make It New" doctrine

T.S. Eliot

was a poet, dramatist, and literary critic. He received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948. Among his most famous writings are the poems The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, The Waste Land, The Hollow Men, Ash Wednesday and Four Quartets; the plays Murder in the Cathedral and The Cocktail Party; and the essay "Tradition and the Individual Talent".

Frank Lloyd Wright

influential United States architect (1869-1959)

Bureau of Budget

1921 Republican Congress created ;; director was to aid President in preparing estimates of receipts & expenditures for submission to Congress as annual budget

Fordism

system of standardized mass production attributed to Henry Ford

Wright Brothers

Orville and Wilbur, Orville & Wilbur Wright ;; Dec. 17, 1903 "the miracle at Kitty Hawk", NC ;; first flight

Guglielmo Marconi

Italian electrical engineer known as the father of radio (1874-1937)

Al Jolson

United States singer (born in Russia) who appeared in the first full-length talking film (1886-1950)

Margaret Sanger

United States nurse who campaigned for birth control and planned parenthood

Alice Paul

United States feminist (1885-1977), Marched with the suffragist in England , was jailed and went on a hunger strike all to help British woman win the vote. returned home to support the cause of the suffrage for American woman

Flappers

Young women of the 1920s that behaved and dressed in a radical fashion

Sigmund Freud

Said that human behavior is irrational; behavior is the outcome of conflict between the id (irrational unconscious driven by sexual, aggressive, and pleasure-seeking desires) and ego (rationalizing conscious, what one can do) and superego (ingrained moral values, what one should do).

W.C. Handy

born in Florence; popularized many Blues songs during the 1920s

Langston Hughes

Harlems best known writer

Marcus Garvey

Many poor urban blacks turned to him. He was head of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and he urged black economic cooperation and founded a chain of UNIA grocery stores and other business

UNIA

Universal Negro Improvement Association started by Marcus Garvey.

H.L. Mencken

American Mercury

Fundamentalists

Conservative Christians who as a group have become more active in politics in the last two decades and were especially influential in the 2000 presidential election.

Monkey Trial

John T. Scopes, John Scopes trial became known as this. • Clarence Darrow headed the ACLU's team of lawyers, and William Jennings Bryan eagerly accepted an invitation to assist the prosecution

William Jennings Bryan

United States lawyer and politician who advocated free silver and prosecuted John Scopes (1925) for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school (1860-1925)

Clarence Darrow

John T. Scope's

Andrew Mellon

secratary of tresury 1921-33, beleived that the depression should run its course and that natural market forces would restore to full employment

Bruce Barton

1925 The Man Nobody Knows (Jesus Christ was perfect salesman & all advertisers should study his techniques)

Jack Dempsey

United States prizefighter who was world heavyweight champion (1895-1983)

Frederick Taylor

an American efficiency engineer who wrote "The Principles of Scientific Management", which earned him the title "father of scientific management"

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