Greek colonists whose city-states dotted southern Italy and who lived mostly north of Rome.
The governement in which the Romans established their state. (In Latin is called res publica means "that which belongs to the people".)
Members of the powerful landholding upper class.
Two officials from the patrician class were appointed each year of the Roman Republic to supervise the government and command the armies.
Ruler who has. a complete control over a governement
The farmers, merchants, artisans, and traders who made up the bulk of population, had little influence.
The Poebians right to elect their own officials.
To block laws that were thought to be harmful.
The basic military unit each in which included about 5,000 men.
A policy or establishing over foreign lands and people.
Huge estates owned by wealthy families.
Tiberius and Gainus Gracchus
Two young plebian brothers, were among the first to attempt reform.
An ambitious military commander.
First emperor of the Roman Empire. Julius Caesar's grand-nephew.
Population count of the empire.
Between A.D 96 and A.D 180, when the empire benefitted from the rule of a series of "good emperors".
Classical Roman poet, author of Aenied.
Make fun of of Roman society.
A picture made from chips of colored stone or glass.
The application of science and mathematics to develop useful structures and machines.
Bridge-like stone structures that carry water from the hills into Roman cities.
ancient scientist who said earth was the center of the universe.
Annoited king sent by God, would soon appear to lead their people to freedom.
Greek name meaning "a person sent forth".
Jew from Asia Minor, played the most influential role in spreading the gospel.
Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians.
People who suffer or die for their beliefs.
Group of people who conduct Christian services.
High church official responsible for everyone in his diocese.
In the Roman and Byzantine highest church official in a major city.
Bishops of rome.
A belief contrary to official church teachings, also caused division.
Grestest early church scholars and bishop of North Africa. He combined Christian doctrine with Greco-Roman learning.
Roman emperor who was faced with military problems, when that happend he decided to divide the empire between himself in the east and maximian in the west. he did the last persecution of the Christians.
A rapid rise in prices.
Previously known as Byzantium, Constantine changed the name of the city and moved the capitol of the Roman Empire here from Rome.
Nomadic people from Asia who attacked the Roman Empire.
foreign soldiers who fought for money.