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The oxidizer that is added to hydrogen peroxide to increase its chemical action is known as the


A system for understanding the relationships of color is called

the law of color

Equal parts of red and blue mixed together create


Equal parts of red and yellow mixed together create


Equal parts of blue and yellow mixed together create


Colors with a predominance of red are considered to be ____________ tones.


Colors with a predominance of blue are considered to be __________ tones.


Colors achieved by mixing equal parts of two primary colors are called __________ colors.


Primary and secondary colors that are positioned opposite each other on the color wheel are considered to be _________.


The cuticle of the hair protects the interior and contributes _________ percent to the overall strength of the hair.


The cortex or middle layer of the hair gives strength and elasticity and contributes about _________percent to the overall strength of the hair.


Hair texture is determined by the __________ of the individual hair strand.


The number of hairs per square inch (cm) on the head relates to the hair's _________.


The ability of the hair to absorb moisture is called ________.


The melanin that gives black and brown color to hair is known as ____________.


The melanin found in red hair is known as __________.


The method used to analyze the lightness or darkness of a hair color, whether natural or artificial, is called _________.

the level system

The term used to describe the warmth or coolness of a color is __________.

tone or hue

The strength of a color tone is referred to as ___________.


The predominant tonality of an existing color is referred to as a ___________.

base color

Haircoloring products fall into four classifications including temporary, semipermanent, and ____________.

permanent and demipermanent

What product is used to open the cuticle of the hair fiber so that the haircolor can penetrate it?

alkalizing agent

Which type of haircolor product uses the largest pigment molecules?


Colored mousses and gels are considered to be what haircolor category?


The haircolor that partially penetrates the hair shaft and stains the cuticle layer, slowly fading with each shampoo, is known as _______________.


Haircolor that is ideal for covering unpigmented hair, refreshing faded permanent color, depositing tonal changes without lift, corrective coloring, and reverse highlighting is __________.


Haircolor that is mixed with a developer and remains in the hair shaft until the new growth of hair occurs is called _________.


The tint formula in permanent haircolor contains uncolored dye ____________, which are small compounds that can diffuse into the hair shaft.


A/an _____________ is an oxidizing agent that, when
mixed with an oxidative haircolor, supplies the necessary oxygen gas to develop color molecules and create a change in hair color.


The measure of the potential oxidation of varying strengths of hydrogen peroxide is ___________.


An example of a natural or vegetable haircolor obtained from the leaves or bark of plants is __________.


Metallic haircolors are also called ___________ colors.


Chemical compounds that lighten hair by dispersing, dissolving, and decolorizing the natural hair pigment are ___________.


When arranging for a haircolor service consultation, ___________ walls are recommended.

white or neutral

To some degree, the ______________ is designed to protect the school or salon owner from responsibility for accidents or damages.

release statement

The U.S. Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act prescribes that a patch test, also called a/an _____________ test, be given 24 to 48 hours prior to an application of aniline derivative tint.


A patch test is generally conducted behind the ear or on the _______________.

inside of the elbow

The preliminary strand test will tell you how the hair will react to the color formula and indicate

processing time

A process that lightens and colors hair in a single application is known as ______________.

single-process haircoloring

Permanent haircolor is applied by either the bowl-and-brush method or with a/an _________________.

applicator bottle

What are the three types of hair lighteners?

oil, cream, powder

Which type of lightener is not used directly on the scalp?


What is added to hydrogen peroxide to increase its chemical action or lifting power?


Porous hair of the same color level will lighten faster than hair that is nonporous, because the bleaching agent can enter the __________ more rapidly.


A/an _________ lightener is generally used for a lightener retouch because its consistency helps prevent overlapping of previously lightened hair.


After the hair goes through the 10 stages of decolorizing, the color that is left in the hair is known as its


The technique of coloring strands of hair darker than the natural color is called reverse highlighting or


The two methods of parting hair for a foil technique are ______________.

slicing and weaving

The free-form technique of hair painting is also called:


A product prepared by combining permanent haircolor, hydrogen peroxide, and shampoo is

highlighting shampoo tint

A mixture of shampoo and hydrogen peroxide creates a ______________.

highlighting shampoo

The process of treating gray or very resistant hair to allow for better penetration of color is known as


The first important guideline when color services do not turn out as planned or expected is

do not panic

___________ are specialized preparations designed to help equalize porosity and deposit a base color in
one application.


When performing retouches on red hair, the reds will last longer if you create them using a separate formula with a ___________ haircolor product applied to the mid-shaft and ends of the strand.


Products created to remove artificial pigment from the hair are known as

color or tint removers

A combination of equal parts of prepared tint and shampoo that is applied to hair like regular shampoo is called a

soap cap

A nonammonia color that adds shine and tone to the hair is called a


One safety precaution in haircoloring is to never apply tint if ____________ are present.


When applying haircoloring products, always follow

the manufacturer's directions

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