CH.21 HAIRCOLORING - COSMO BOOK

60 terms by daeducator

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

CH. 19 OLD BOOK

The oxidizer that is added to hydrogen peroxide to increase its chemical action is known as the

activator

A system for understanding the relationships of color is called

the law of color

Equal parts of red and blue mixed together create

violet

Equal parts of red and yellow mixed together create

orange

Equal parts of blue and yellow mixed together create

green

Colors with a predominance of red are considered to be ____________ tones.

warm

Colors with a predominance of blue are considered to be __________ tones.

cool

Colors achieved by mixing equal parts of two primary colors are called __________ colors.

secondary

Primary and secondary colors that are positioned opposite each other on the color wheel are considered to be _________.

complementary

The cuticle of the hair protects the interior and contributes _________ percent to the overall strength of the hair.

20

The cortex or middle layer of the hair gives strength and elasticity and contributes about _________percent to the overall strength of the hair.

80

Hair texture is determined by the __________ of the individual hair strand.

diameter

The number of hairs per square inch (cm) on the head relates to the hair's _________.

density

The ability of the hair to absorb moisture is called ________.

porosity

The melanin that gives black and brown color to hair is known as ____________.

eumelanin

The melanin found in red hair is known as __________.

pheomelanin

The method used to analyze the lightness or darkness of a hair color, whether natural or artificial, is called _________.

the level system

The term used to describe the warmth or coolness of a color is __________.

tone or hue

The strength of a color tone is referred to as ___________.

intensity

The predominant tonality of an existing color is referred to as a ___________.

base color

Haircoloring products fall into four classifications including temporary, semipermanent, and ____________.

permanent and demipermanent

What product is used to open the cuticle of the hair fiber so that the haircolor can penetrate it?

alkalizing agent

Which type of haircolor product uses the largest pigment molecules?

temporary

Colored mousses and gels are considered to be what haircolor category?

temporary

The haircolor that partially penetrates the hair shaft and stains the cuticle layer, slowly fading with each shampoo, is known as _______________.

semipermanent

Haircolor that is ideal for covering unpigmented hair, refreshing faded permanent color, depositing tonal changes without lift, corrective coloring, and reverse highlighting is __________.

demipermanent

Haircolor that is mixed with a developer and remains in the hair shaft until the new growth of hair occurs is called _________.

permanent

The tint formula in permanent haircolor contains uncolored dye ____________, which are small compounds that can diffuse into the hair shaft.

precursors

A/an _____________ is an oxidizing agent that, when
mixed with an oxidative haircolor, supplies the necessary oxygen gas to develop color molecules and create a change in hair color.

developer

The measure of the potential oxidation of varying strengths of hydrogen peroxide is ___________.

volume

An example of a natural or vegetable haircolor obtained from the leaves or bark of plants is __________.

henna

Metallic haircolors are also called ___________ colors.

gradual

Chemical compounds that lighten hair by dispersing, dissolving, and decolorizing the natural hair pigment are ___________.

lighteners

When arranging for a haircolor service consultation, ___________ walls are recommended.

white or neutral

To some degree, the ______________ is designed to protect the school or salon owner from responsibility for accidents or damages.

release statement

The U.S. Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act prescribes that a patch test, also called a/an _____________ test, be given 24 to 48 hours prior to an application of aniline derivative tint.

predisposition

A patch test is generally conducted behind the ear or on the _______________.

inside of the elbow

The preliminary strand test will tell you how the hair will react to the color formula and indicate

processing time

A process that lightens and colors hair in a single application is known as ______________.

single-process haircoloring

Permanent haircolor is applied by either the bowl-and-brush method or with a/an _________________.

applicator bottle

What are the three types of hair lighteners?

oil, cream, powder

Which type of lightener is not used directly on the scalp?

powder

What is added to hydrogen peroxide to increase its chemical action or lifting power?

activator

Porous hair of the same color level will lighten faster than hair that is nonporous, because the bleaching agent can enter the __________ more rapidly.

cortex

A/an _________ lightener is generally used for a lightener retouch because its consistency helps prevent overlapping of previously lightened hair.

cream

After the hair goes through the 10 stages of decolorizing, the color that is left in the hair is known as its

foundation

The technique of coloring strands of hair darker than the natural color is called reverse highlighting or

lowlighting

The two methods of parting hair for a foil technique are ______________.

slicing and weaving

The free-form technique of hair painting is also called:

baliage

A product prepared by combining permanent haircolor, hydrogen peroxide, and shampoo is

highlighting shampoo tint

A mixture of shampoo and hydrogen peroxide creates a ______________.

highlighting shampoo

The process of treating gray or very resistant hair to allow for better penetration of color is known as

presoftening

The first important guideline when color services do not turn out as planned or expected is

do not panic

___________ are specialized preparations designed to help equalize porosity and deposit a base color in
one application.

Fillers

When performing retouches on red hair, the reds will last longer if you create them using a separate formula with a ___________ haircolor product applied to the mid-shaft and ends of the strand.

deposit-only

Products created to remove artificial pigment from the hair are known as

color or tint removers

A combination of equal parts of prepared tint and shampoo that is applied to hair like regular shampoo is called a

soap cap

A nonammonia color that adds shine and tone to the hair is called a

glaze

One safety precaution in haircoloring is to never apply tint if ____________ are present.

abrasions

When applying haircoloring products, always follow

the manufacturer's directions

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set