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Peggy C. Leonard

Anxiety Disorder

Characterized by unpleasant tension, distress and avoidance behavior

Labile

Unstable; undergoing rapid emotional changes, Characterized by crying

Apathy

Absence of emotions; lack of interest or emotional involvement

Delirium

Confusion in thinking, faulty perceptions and irrational behavior

Autism

Servere lack of response to other people, may have retarded language development

Compulsion

Uncontrollable urge to perform an act repeatedly

Mania

Extreme excitement, hyperactivity, inflated self-esteem

Bipolar disorder

Intermixed periods of mania and depression

Schizophrenia

Withdrawal from reality into an inner world of disorganized thinking and conflict

Paranoia

Delusions of persecution or grandeur or combination of the two

Delusion

Fixed, false belief that cannot be changed by logical reasoning or evidence

Hallucination

False sensory perception

Dementia

Loss of intellectual abilities including memory, judgement, and reasoning

Mood Disorder

Prolonged emotion dominating person's life

Psychosis

Impairment of mental capacity to recognize reality, communicate, and relate to others

Phobia

Irrational or disabling fear of an object or situation

Affect

External emotion or emotional response

Craniotomy

Incision of the skull

aphagia

Inability or refusal to swallow

hemiplegia

paralysis of one side of the body

phobia

persistent, irrational fear or dread

Neurorrhaphy

Suturing of a cut nerve

Diplopia

Double vision

Tinnitus

Ringing of the ears

Encephalomalacia

Softening of the brain

Anesthesia

Loss of sensation

Hypnotics

Sedatives used to produce a calming effect

Affect

External emotion or emotional response

Amnesia

Loss of memory

Anorexia nervosa

An eating disorder of excessive dieting and refusal to maintain a normal body weight

Anxiety disorder

Characterized by unpleasant tension, distress, and avoidance behavior; (ie. phobias, obsessive-compulsive, post-traumatic stress disorder)

Apathy

Absence of emotions; lack of interest or emotional involvement

Autism

Servere lack of response to other people; witdrawl, inability to interact, and retarded language development

Bipolar Disorder

Intermixed periods of mania and depression

Bulimia Nervosa

An eating disorder of binge eating followed by vomiting and depression

Compulsion

Uncontrollable urge to perform an act repeatedly

Conversion Disorder

A physical symptom, with no organic basis, that appears as a result of anxiety and conflict

Defense mechanism

Unconscious technique a person uses to resolve or conceal conflicts and anxiety

Delirium

Confusion in thinking; faulty perceptions and irrational behavior. Can by associated w/substance withdrawl.

Delusion

Fixed, false belief that cannot be changed by logical reasoning or evidence.

Depression

Major mood disorder with chronic sadness, loss of energy, hopelessness, worry, and discouragement

Dissociative disorder

Chronic or sudden disturbance of memory, identity, or consciousness

ego

The central coordinating branch of one's personality

Fugue

Amnesia with flight from customary surroundings

Gender Identity disorder

Strong and persistent cross-gender identification with the opposite sex

Hallucination

False sensory perceptiion

Id

The major unconscious part of the personality; energy instinctual drives and desires

Labile

Unstable; undergoing rapid emotional change

Mania

Extreme excitement, hyperactivity, inflated self-esteem

Mood disorder

Prolonged emotion dominates a person's life

Mutism

No reactive state; stupor

Obsessive-Compulsive

An anxiety disorder in which recurrent thoughts and repetitive acts dominate behavior

Paranoia

Delusions of persecution or grandear or combination of the two

Paraphilia

Recurrent intense sexual urge, fantasy, or behavior that involves unusual objects, activities, or situations

Personality disorder

Lifelong personality patterns marked by inflexibility and impairment of social functioning.

Phobia

Irrational or disabling fear of an object or situation

Post-Traumatic Stress

Anxiety related symptoms appear following exposure to personal experience of a traumatic event

Psychosis

Impairment of mental capacity to recognize reality, communicate, and relate to others

Repression

Defense mechanism by which unacceptable thoughts, feelings, and impulses are pushed into the unconscious

Sexual disorders

Disorders of paraphilias and sexual dysfunction

Schizophrenia

Withdrawal from reality into an inner world of disorganized thinking and conflict.

Somatoform Disorder

Having physical symptoms that cannot be explained by any actual physical disorder

Substance-related

Regular use of psychoactive substances (alcohol, cocaine amphetamines, cannabis, hallucinogens, opioids, and sedatives) that affect the central nervous system

Superego

Internalized conscience and moral part of the personality

Seasonal affective (SAD)

Form of depression that appears related to fluctuations in persons exposure to natural light

Serotonin

Chemical present in gastrointestinal mucosa, platelets, that affects sleep and sensory perception

Tic Disorder

Characterized by spasmodic muscular contractions most commonly involving the face, mouth, eyes, head, neck, or shoulder muscles. People with tic disorders make sounds or display repeated, quick, sudden, and/or uncontrollable body movements.

Peripheral Nervous System

Consists of both sensory nervous tissue and motor nervous tissue

Central Nervous System

Consists of the brain and spinal cord, both encased in bone.

Afferent Receptors

Detect changes that occur inside and outside the body and convey them to the brain.

aut/o

self

cerebell/o

cerebellum

cerebr/o, encephal/o

brain

cervic/o

neck (sometimes cervix uteri)

coccyg/o

coccyx (tailbone)

crani/o

cranium (skull)

dendr/o

tree

dur/o

dura mater

gli/o

neuroglia or a sticky substance

kerat/o

cornea; hard or horny

lumb/o

lower back

mening/o

meninges

ment/o, psych/o

mind

myel/o

bone marrow or spinal cord

nerv/o, neur/o

nerve

phren/o

mind or diaphragm

physi/o

nature

retin/o

retina

sacr/o

sacrum

spin/o

spine

-asthenia

weakness

-esthesia

sensation, perception

-iexia

words, phrases

-orexia

appetite

agora-

open marketplace

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