What is the breaking, tilting and folding of rock called?
Name 3 types of stress.
compression, tension, shearing
What is a break along a line where rocks do not move called?
What type of fault is formed when compression causes the hanging wall to slide over the foot wall?
What type of valleys are formed when the block of land between two normal faults slides downward?
What is a bend in rock called?
An upward fold is called an _______
A downward fold is called a
Rocks are more likely to fold than fault if they are (3 things)_____,_______,______
hot, under pressure, and ductile
What is the area of flat land that is raised high above sea level called?
What is the blister-like structure that is raised due hot liquid rock that has not erupted through the earth's surface called?
What is the hot liquid rock called?
When hot liquid rock breaks the surface of the Earth, it is called......
What is the major Earthquake Zone that goes through California called?
Ring of Fire
Where is Mt. Etna?
Where are most Cinder cones found?
What is a break or cracking along which rock moves?
Joints are usually______
What type of fault causes the hanging wall to move up relative to the footwall?
What device do we use to measure seismic waves?
What type of fault will cause the hanging wall to move down relative to the foot wall?
What are the 3 types of volcanoes?
cincer cones, shield volcanos, composite volcano
What are the 4 types of lava?
volcanic dust, volcanic ash, volcanic bombs, cinders
Which type of volcano is mostly made of cinders and other rock particles that have been blown into the air?
Which type of volcano is composed of quiet lava flows or running lava?
Which type of volcanoes are built up of alternating layers of rock particles and lava?
What is a giant sea wave caused by an earthquake on the ocean floor?
What is the underground point of origin of an earthquake?
What is the place called on the Earth's surface directly above the focus of an earthquake?
What are earthquake waves (vibrations) called?
What are the 3 types of seismic waves?
primary, secondary, surface
Which type of seismic wave is a fast push or pull wave?
Which type of seismic wave is a slide to slide movement?
Which type of seismic wave is the slowest and is up and down waves?
What is the layer of earth called from the core to the crust?
What is the balance of the downward force of the crust and the upward force of the mantle known as?
What is a funnel shaped pit on the earth's surface called?
What is it called when the walls of a crater collapse?
What were the 3 major earthquake zones?
The Ring of Fire, The Mid-Alantic Ridge and The Mediterranean Zone
Who invented the Richter Scale?