What are the types of muscles?
Skeletal, Cardiac, and Smooth
What are the main features of skeletal muscle?
Muscle Fibers or Myofibers
What are the main features of cardiac muscle?
Cardiocytes or Myocytes
What are the main features of smooth muscle?
What are the functions of a muscle?
Movement, Stability, Control of body openings and passages, Heat production, and Glycemic control
What are the universal properties of a muscle?
Excitability, Conductivity, Contractility, Extensibility, and Elasticity
What are the connective tissue of a skeletal muscle?
Endomysium, perimysium, epimysium, and fascia
What are the types of muscle shapes?
Fusiform, parallel, triangular (convergent), pennate (uni, bi, and multi), circular
Muscle ends conspicuosly short of its bony destination
Fibrous band or sheet
Refers to tendon located beneath scalp, abdominal, lumbar, hand, and foot muscles
Direct (fleshy) attachment
So little separation between muscle and bone that to the naked eye, the red muscular tissue seems to emerge directly from the bone
Bony site of attachment at the relatively stationary end
Attachment site at the more mobile end
Effect produced by muscle, whether it is to produce or prevent a movement
What are the functional groups of muscles?
Prime mover (agonist), synergist, antagonist, and fixator
Entirely contained within a particular region, having both its origin and insertion there
Acts upon a designated region but has its origin elsewhere
What are the Physiological Classes of Muscle Fibers?
Slow oxidative (SO), slow-twitch, red, or type I fibers. AND fast glycolytic (FG), fast-twitch, white, or type II fibers