Immobilization Techniques

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immobilzation

What is the act of rendering the immovable?

mummy wrap

An immobilization technique that involves completely wrappin an infant or small child in a sheet?

can; communication, technologist

Voluntary movement can/ can not be controlled by the patient and most often occurs as a result of inadequate ________ by the ________.

can not

Involuntary movement is the result of many contributing factors and can/ can not be controlled by the patient.

communication

The best method of reducing voluntary motion is ______?

technologist; patient

The most important communication that occurs in a radiology department may take place between the ______ and _____.

rapport

What is a relation of harmony and accord between two persons, as between patient and physician?

empathy

What is the recognition of and entering into the feelings of another person?

velcro straps

Although not considered a form of restraing. _____ ____ can be effective as restraining or positioning devices.

ambulatory

______ means being able to walk.

axial projection

_____ ____ is any projection that is not at right angles to the long axis of an anatomic structure.

safety

Velcro straps can also serve as a _____ precaution when performing a procedure on a patient who is not completely cognizant.

Velcro strap restraints; compression

_____ _____ _____ are desighned to be attached easily to the radiography table. These can also be used for ______.

radiopaque

Sandbags, unlike radiolucent positioning sponges, are _____.

lateral cervical spine

A common use of sandbags as positioning aids is in performing examinations of a _____ _____ ____.

Head clamps

____ _____ can be attatched to radiographic imaging devices and are desighned strictly for use in positioning various projections of the skull.

positioning

When applied safely and appropriately, head clamps serve more as _______ aids than as immobilization devices.

cervical collar

The most common spinal trauma traction device encountered by a tech is probably the _____ _____.

backboard (or spineboard)

The _____ (or _____) is another spinal immobilization device often seen in trauma situations and it uses are by no means limited to spinal injury.

radiolucent

Most backboards are made from ______ materials (e.g., wood, plastic)

transport

Another advantageous purpose for the backboard is to _____ a stable trauma patient to the radiology department for the initial examination.

necessary

In most instances, examing the skull of a patient wearing a cervical collar or similar immobilization device is _____.

inflation; air splint

A _____ or ____ ____ is simply an inflatable plastic cuff that is slipped over the affected limb and inflated to provide stability for transport by the emergency team.

radiolucent

Air splints or inflation are ____. (radio....)

traction splint; lower

_____ ____ are designed for use on the ______ extremities.

pressure; pelvis; groin

Traction splints exert a steady force on the affected limb by applying _____ to the ____ and ____ area.

radiopaque

Although traction splints often contain ______ materials, satisfactory initial images can be obtained with the spling in place.

antishock; trousers

The ______ garment is a pair of inflatable _____ applied to the victims. The garment is used in instances in which the patient has sustained trauma to the abdomen, pelvis, or lower extremities, and internal hemorrhage is suggested.

radiolucent

Antischock trousers are ______. (radio....)

hemorrhage

Once the antishock garment is in place around the patient, the garment is inflated to slow the rate of _____.

sheet restraints

____ _____ are used to wrap a sheet around a child to effectively limit the movement of the extremities and also give the technique its name.

Pigg-O-Stat, three

One of the most common and useful upright restraint devices for children is the ________. Large enough to accomodate children up to ____ years old.

radiolucent

The Pigg-O-Stat is _____. (radio....)

gonadal

Pigg-O-Stat: A built in adjustable lead shield facilitates examinations by providing _____ protection.

artifacts

One of the disadvantages of the Pigg-O-Stat is possible ______ caused by the plastic sides, which can overlap the anatomic area of interest.

restraint board

What is a child immobilization device that consists basically of a contour-fitting pad, mold, or sponge with attached Velcro straps for securing the patient?

abdomen

Child restraint boards are a good way to show studies of the _____.

octostop board; eight

A modification of the Velcro strap restraint board is the octostop board. Where the patient can be rotated 360 in ____ different positions.

size

The disadvantage of the regular restraint board and the octagonal framed version is ____.

one

The restraint board can be used in infants and children up to ____ years old.

plexiglass paddle

A clever means of immobilizing the hands, fingers, feet, and toes of young patiensts is the use of a radiolucent ______ _______.

tape

_______ is used more on pediatric patients as a reminder to hold still rather than an immobilization device.

twisted

When tape is used, it should be _____ where it comes in contact with the skin so that the nonadhesive side is in contact with teh skin.

gauze

Another technique to use is when tape is applied to a pediatric patient is a _______ pad.

radiolucent pad

To enable the geriatric patient ot cooperate easily and fully, a _______ ______ should be placed on the table before the examination.

artifact; OID

A disadvantage of using a pad is the possibility of slight ______ production or loss of radiographic detail because of indreased _____.

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