consists of behaviors, beliefs or conditions that are viewed by relatively powerful segments of society as serious violations of important norms.
Breaking laws or official rules
violating customary norms
a form of deviance that violates a formal statue enacted by a legitimate government
the willing exchange among adults of widely desired, but illegal goods and services
Crime pursued as day-to-day occupation, crime as career
the work of a group that regulates relations between criminal enterprises involved in illegal activities
Illegal acts committed by affluent, respectable people
In recent years high technology is used to commit illegal acts
Crime that occurs across multiple national borders
to restore the moral balance of the society
is a measure that prevents a person from doing something because of fear the consequences
is punishment of a particular individual intended to keep him or her from violating the law in the future
shows people who have yet to commit crimes what is done to offenders in the hope that they decide not to break the law
therapeutic intervention would "cure" the criminal
looking away dangerous criminals.
It supervises those who are convicted of crimes
refers to measures taken by members of society intended to encourage conformity to norms.
Formal Social Control
is carried by authorized agents, such as, police officers, judges, school administrators, etc
Informal Social Control
informal means of social control are attachment, opportunity, involvement, and belief