Lab Review Slant, Plate, etc Test results

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catalase positive organisms

staphylococcus aureus and staphylococcus epidermidis

coagulase positive test (rabbits blood)

staphylococcus aureus is coagulase ______

What does bile esculin inhibit

most non-group D streptococci are inhibited by what

has negative bile esculin test

streptococus mitis has what bile esculin test (+,-)

has positive bile esculin test

streptococcus bovis and enterococcus faecalis have this type of bile esculin result

The beta hemolytic bacteria are

Staphylococcus aureus, Clostridium tetani and perfringens, streptococcus pyogenes, streptococcus agalactiae, and bacillus subtilis are what hemolysis

the gamma hemolytic bacteria are

staphylococcus epidermidis, and enterococcus faecalis are what hemolysis

the alpha hemolysis bacteria are

streptococcus bovis, mitis, and pneumoniae are what hemolysis

mannitol salt agar inhibits what via high salinity

most bacteria other than staphylococcus

staphylococcus aureus has what mannitol salt agar result

staphylococcus aureus is mannitol salt positive turning it yellow

staphylococcus epidermidis has what mannitol salt agar result

staphylococcus epidermidis is mannitol salt agar negative keeping it red

HEA stands for what

Hektoen Enteric Agar abbreviation

Hektoen Enteric Agar inhibits what via what

HEA inhibits gram positive via bile salts

HEA has what in it that are fermented

sucrose and lactose are present in this agar (HEA)

Escherichia coli and Klebsiella penumoniae does this to HEA

HEA is a yellow to salmon color for this/these bacteria

Proteus vulgaris does this to HEA

HEA turns a blue/green to yellow color with a black precipitate for this/these bacteria

Pseudomonas auruginose does this to HEA

HEA turns green to brownish color for this/these bacteria

Salmonella enteritidis does this to HEA

HEA turns a blue/green to deep blue with a black precipitate for this/these bacteria

Shigella boydii does this to HEA

HEA turns a green color for this/these bacteria

Salmonella enteritidis and Proteus vulgaris have this similar effect on HEA

HEA forms a black precipitate for these bacteria

MacConkey Agar inhibits these

Gram positive are inhibited by this lactose agar (hint: MA)

Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli have this result on MacConkey

A positive MacConkey result (turning red) is for these/this bacteria

Simmons Citrate Agar tests for what

The sole carbon source of citrate being utilized is tested with this agar

Citrate agar turns what color for positive results

A positive result turns this agar a deep blue pigment

Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella penumoniae, and Salmonella enteritidis have positive result for this carbon source agar

Citrate agar has positive results for these/this bacteria

Triple Sugar Iron slants have what result for only lactose/sucrose fermenters

The slant turns yellow throughout if this agar has its lactose/sucrose fermented

Triple Sugar Iron slants have what result for only glucose fermenters

The slant butt turns yellow while the slant remains red if this agar is only glucose fermented

Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Shigella boydii have no what production on TSI

These do not produce gas for TSI slants

Shigella boydii and Salmonella Enteritidis only ferment this and cause this TSI result

The TSI agar butt turns yellow while the slant stays red for these/this bacteria because of only glucose utilization

Proteus vulgaris and Salmonella enteritidis have this result on TSI slants due to what mechanism

A black precipitate is formed by this/these bacteria on TSI due to H2S creation.

Urea Agar differentiates the ability to do what

The ability to break down urea into ammonia and CO2 is tested with this agar

Proteus vulgaris, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Klebsiella pneumoniae have this result on Urea agar

A positive (turning red) result occurs when these/this bacteria is plated on urea agar

CTA (cystine Trypticase agar) is a test for what

Dextrose and Maltose fermenters are plated on this type of agar

Neisseria flavescens has this result on CTA

A negative result (RED) on CTA is from this/these bacteria

This agar is used to differentiate Neisseria species

CTA agar is used to differentiate what species

Thayer-Martin Agar grows what type of bacteria via its antibiotic medium

Neisseria species grow well on this type of agar

Mueller Hinton agar utilizes __ and __ to grow Haemophilus influenzae

X and V or Heme and Nad+ respectively are needed for this agar to grow this bacteria

Streptococcus bovis and Enterococcus faecalis are this type of Lancefield

These are group D lancefield bacteria

Staphylococcus epidermidis and streptococcus agalactiae are this type of Lancefield

These are groupd B lancefield bacteria

Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pygoenes are this type of Lancefield

These are group A lancefield bacteria

Group A lancefield bacteria are what to bacitracin (Taxo-A)

These are sensitive to bacitracin (Taxo-A)

Group B lancefield bacteria are what to bacitracin (Taxo-A)

These are resistant to bacitracin (Taxo-A)

Streptococcus pneumoniae is what to optochin (P disc)

This is sensitive to optochin (p-disc)

Streptococcus mitis is what to optochin (P-disc)

This is resistant to optochin (p-disc)

Enterococcus faecalis has what result with 6.5% NaCl BHI

This bacteria is positive for 6.5% NaCl BHI

How would you differentiate between Streptococcus bovis and Enterococcus faecalis

use 6.5 % NaCl BHI broth to differentiate between these

Escherichia coli, Proteus vulgaris, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Salmonella enteritidis share this quality

These are all motile bacteria

Proteus vulgaris has this type of motility

They are extremely motile

Streptococcus agalactiae is exclusive for this type of test

the cAMP test is used for this specific bacteria

Type 1 Streptococcus penumoniae has these qualities when plated

This bacteria has small, pinpoint dry colonies in comparison to its other type

Type 3 Streptococcus pneumoniae has these qualities when plated

This bacteria has large, mucoid colonies in comparison to its other type

What is the name for acid-fast staining

Ziehl's Neelson staining technique is called what

The oxidase test uses what type of disc

The n-disc is used for this type of test

The oxidase test is mainly used for these gram negative bacteria

Neisseria species will grow around an N-disc due to this quality

"Beads of Sweat" test allows what to grow around the line of Staphylococcus epidermidis

Haemophilus influenzae grows around this line due to it's production of NAD

What are the endospore reagents used to stain

Malachite green and safranin are used to stain endospores

What are the Acid fast reagents used to stain

carbol fuchsin (primary stain), acid alcohol (decolorizer), Loeffler's methylene blue (counterstain)

dimorphism corresponds to what fungal qualities

They grow as yeasts under one condition than as mold under other conditions (definition)

These produce macroconidia

Microsporum gypseum produce this

Mass of hyphae are called

Mycelium is a mass of this

These small grapelike clusters are formed by Candida albicans

Blastoconidia or blastophores are created by this

This terminal structure is formed by Candida albicans

Chlamydospore are created by this

Aspergillus forms these types of conidia

"Bouquet" are formed by this type of fungus

Penicillium forms these types of conidia

"Broom heads" are formed by this type of fungus

Rhizopus is the only type of fungus that does this

Sexually reproducing fungus

Multicellular version of fungus

Molds/hyphae are this type of cellular

Unicellular version of fungus

Yeasts are this type of cellular

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