What is the large upper part of the brain called?
What is the Cerebrum responsible for?
Complex Reasoning, Thought, Language, Volume, Voluntary Movement, and the Initial Processing of Sensations
What is the structure in the back of the brain that looks like a clamshell?
What does the cerebellum control?
Posture and Balance
What does teh brain stem direct?
Critical, life-sustaining activities such as breathing and heartbeat
What is the scientist that studyies the different regions of the braina nd owrk to learn more about how they function and what they control?
How many parts does the cerbrum have?
What are the two sides called in the cerebrum?
Left and Right Hemispheres
Explain how the hemispheres work.
Sensory and movement functions on the left side of the body are controlled by the right hemisphere of the cerebrum and vice versa
What is the specific area of the cerebrum that is responsible for controlling the movements of your body?
What is the specific area of the cerebrum that is responsible for letting you feel sensations from your body?
What does the left hemisphere of the human brain usually control?
Language, Speech, Mathematical and Analytical Abilities
What is the right hemisphere responsible for?
Visual and spatial processing
What is the term for the bundle of nerve fibers that allows communication between the two hemispheres?
The Corpus Callosum
What is bipedal?
Capable of walking erect on the hind limbs, freeing the hands for other uses
What is a nerve cell usually reserved for nerve cells in animals that have a complex brain and specialized associative, motor, and sensory nerves?
What are dendrites?
Is a structure that extends out from a neuron and transmits impulses towards the cell body
What do dendrites act like?
An antennae receiving incoming messages
What is a structure that extends from a neuron and conducts impulses away from the cell body?
What do biologists call the brain plus a body's network of neurons?
What does the nervous system provide communication between?
The brain and different regions inside and outside the body
What is a stimulus?
Incoming information that causes the body to respond
How is a message sent from one neuron to another?
Message actually a combination of an electrical signal that passes through a neuron and a chemical signal that passes between neurons. Changes in the electrical charge of the neuron cause the signal. An electrical impulse moves along an axon to the end of the neuron. But the transfer of the charge from your body to another person's has some similarities to passing the signal between neurons. However; when an electrical signal passes for one neuron to another, it is translated into a chemical signal along the way