5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- photic zone
- benthic realm
- a The seafloor.
- b The depth of light penetration, a maximum of 200 meters, in the ocean.
- c An area of calm or very light winds caused by moist air at the equator rising due to being heated by the direct rays of the sun.
- d A biome characterized by dense, spiny shrubs with tough evergreen leaves. The climate generally results from cool ocean currents circulating offshore which produce mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers.
- e A biome that is transitional between an aquatic ecosystem and a terrestrial one.
5 Multiple choice questions
- The significant environmental problem by which semiarid regions are converted to desert.
- A biome that occurs where a freshwater stream or river merges with the ocean.
- All open water in the ocean.
- Continuously frozen subsoil.
- (Aka taiga) A biome found south of the Arctic Circle dominated by cone-bearing evergreen trees such as spruce, pine, fir, and hemlock. They have long, cold winters and short, wet summers, with considerable precipitation.
5 True/False questions
westerlies → The driest of all terrestrial biomes, characterized by low and unpredictable rainfall (less than 30 cm per year).
phytoplankton → Microscopic algae and cyanobacteria that carry out photosynthesis in the photic zone.
prevailing winds → Major global air movements, resulting from the rising and falling of air masses and Earth's rotation.
ocean currents → The driest of all terrestrial biomes, characterized by low and unpredictable rainfall (less than 30 cm per year).
temperate grasslands → (Aka deciduous forests/broadleaf forests) Biomes in midlatitude regions where the moisture is sufficient enough to support the growth of large trees. Temperatures range from very cold in the winter to hot in the summer, with average rainfall around 75 to 150 cm.