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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. desertification
  2. temperate grasslands
  3. chaparral
  4. doldrums
  5. tropics
  1. a An area of calm or very light winds caused by moist air at the equator rising due to being heated by the direct rays of the sun.
  2. b A biome characterized by dense, spiny shrubs with tough evergreen leaves. The climate generally results from cool ocean currents circulating offshore which produce mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers.
  3. c The significant environmental problem by which semiarid regions are converted to desert.
  4. d Treeless grasslands found in regions with relatively cold winters and average between 25 and 75 cm of rainfall a year.
  5. e The region surrounding the equator between latitudes 23.5 degrees north (the Tropic of Cancer) and 23.5 degrees south (the Tropic of Capricorn), which experiences the greatest annual input and the least seasonal variation in solar radiation.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Place where the ocean meets the land and the shore is pounded by waves during high tide and is exposed to sun and drying winds during low tide.
  2. The seafloor.
  3. Major global air movements, resulting from the rising and falling of air masses and Earth's rotation.
  4. Major types of ecological associations that occupy broad geographic regions of land or water, influenced by abiotic factors.
  5. A biome dominated by grasses and scattered trees with a year-round warm temperature. The soil is poor and there is a lack of moisture. Rainfall is is around 30-50 cm per year.

5 True/False questions

  1. aphotic zoneThe depth of light penetration, a maximum of 200 meters, in the ocean.


  2. tropical forest(Aka rainforest) These biomes occur in equatorial areas where the temperature is warm and the days are 11-12 hours long year-round. Rainfall is variable (200-400 cm per year) and the amount of organism diversity is extremely high.


  3. phytoplanktonSmall, drifting animals located in the pelagic photic zone.


  4. continental shelves(Aka taiga) A biome found south of the Arctic Circle dominated by cone-bearing evergreen trees such as spruce, pine, fir, and hemlock. They have long, cold winters and short, wet summers, with considerable precipitation.


  5. wetlandsThe biome located in the Arctic surrounding the North Pole and Alpine meadows, characterized by very long, cold, harsh winters and minuscule summers. Ground is covered in permafrost most of the year.


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