5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- coniferous forests
- continental shelves
- a (Aka taiga) A biome found south of the Arctic Circle dominated by cone-bearing evergreen trees such as spruce, pine, fir, and hemlock. They have long, cold winters and short, wet summers, with considerable precipitation.
- b Submerged parts of continents.
- c Microscopic algae and cyanobacteria that carry out photosynthesis in the photic zone.
- d A biome that occurs where a freshwater stream or river merges with the ocean.
- e Small, drifting animals located in the pelagic photic zone.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- The biome located in the Arctic surrounding the North Pole and Alpine meadows, characterized by very long, cold, harsh winters and minuscule summers. Ground is covered in permafrost most of the year.
- The zone below the photic zone in the ocean, comprising of the twilight zone (200 to 1,000 m) and the lightless zone that is below 1,000 meters.
- All open water in the ocean.
- Treeless grasslands found in regions with relatively cold winters and average between 25 and 75 cm of rainfall a year.
- A biome characterized by dense, spiny shrubs with tough evergreen leaves. The climate generally results from cool ocean currents circulating offshore which produce mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers.
5 True/False Questions
permafrost → Continuously frozen subsoil.
desertification → The driest of all terrestrial biomes, characterized by low and unpredictable rainfall (less than 30 cm per year).
wetlands → A biome that is transitional between an aquatic ecosystem and a terrestrial one.
ocean currents → The driest of all terrestrial biomes, characterized by low and unpredictable rainfall (less than 30 cm per year).
savanna → A biome dominated by grasses and scattered trees with a year-round warm temperature. The soil is poor and there is a lack of moisture. Rainfall is is around 30-50 cm per year.