Chinese Religions Vocabulary

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Analects of Confucius

a collection of the teachings of Confucius complied 70 years after his death

Chou Dynasty

1122-221BCE- the time when China was organized and governed by a feudal system similar to that of medieval Europe

Confucianism

the body of beliefs and practices based on the ancient Chinese philosophy of Confucius

Confucius

an ancient Chinese wise man who devoted his life to teaching and to government reform. His philosophy is the basis for Confucianism

Cultural Revolution

a mass movement begun by Chinese Communist Party chairman Mao Zedong in 1966 directed against the upper-middle class bureaucrats, artists and university intellectuals who were killed, imprisoned, or "resettled." It was intended to purify Chinese Communism

Han Dynasty

206BCE-220CE- the time in China when Confucianism became a quasi-state religion and when Confucian classics were used as a basis of civil service exams

Hsun Tzu

a follower of Confucius who believed in the value of rites to bring people together and who denied the basic goodness of humankind

I Ching

Ancient Chinese Book of Divination

Jen

Confucian principle translated as "love," "goodness," and "humanness."

Kuei

evil spirits in early Chinese religion

Lao- Tzu

the founder of Taoism

Legalists

on of three major schools of Taoism. They believed that people tended to be lazy and wicked and that government need strong leadership

Li

ceremonies, rituals, and rules of proper conduct in Confucian thought

Mencius

the Confucian philosopher who lived 100 years after Confucius who became a famous teacher of Confucianism

Mohists

one of three major schools of Taoism. They thought that government should operate from a of love

Shang Ti

supreme god recognized by the Chou dynasty of ancient China

Shen

beneficial spirits in early Chinese religion

Tao

"The Way" or "The Way of Nature"

Tao Te Ching

literally, "The Classic of the Way and its Power or Virtue." The book that became the basis for the philosophy of Taoism

Yin and Yang

the negative and positive forces in nature in early Chinese religions

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