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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. two-word stage
  2. cognition
  3. confirmation bias
  4. phoneme
  5. overconfidence
  1. a in language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.
  2. b the tendency to be more certain than correct—to overestimate the accuracy of our beliefs and judgments.
  3. c beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly statements made up of only a couple of words.
  4. d a tendency to search for information that supports our preconceptions and to ignore or distort contradictory evidence.
  5. e all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language.
  2. a tendency to approach a problem in one particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past.
  3. an effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as contrasted with explicit, conscious reasoning.
  4. a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
  5. Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think.

5 True/False questions

  1. algorithma methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem. Contrasts with the usually speedier—but also more error-prone—use of heuristics.


  2. telegraphic speechearly speech stage in which a child speaks using mostly nouns and verbs such as "go car".


  3. syntaxin language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.


  4. semanticsthe set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language; also, the study of meaning.


  5. availability heuristicestimating the likelihood of events based on their presence in our memory; if instances come readily to mind (perhaps because of their vividness), we presume such events are common.


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