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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. language
  2. babbling stage
  3. phoneme
  4. concept
  5. insight
  1. a in language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.
  2. b a sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem; it contrasts with strategy-based solutions.
  3. c our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning.
  4. d beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language.
  5. e a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly statements made up of only a couple of words.
  2. the way an issue is posed; how an issue is presented can significantly affect decisions and judgments.
  3. estimating the likelihood of events based on their presence in our memory; if instances come readily to mind (perhaps because of their vividness), we presume such events are common.
  4. the rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language.
  5. a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem. Contrasts with the usually speedier—but also more error-prone—use of heuristics.

5 True/False questions

  1. fixationan effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as contrasted with explicit, conscious reasoning.


  2. overconfidencethe stage in speech development, from about age 1 to 2, during which a child speaks mostly in single words.


  3. linguistic determinisman effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as contrasted with explicit, conscious reasoning.


  4. semanticsthe set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language; also, the study of meaning.


  5. prototypea mental image or best example of a category. Matching new items to a prototype provides a quick and easy method for sorting items into categories (as when comparing feathered creatures to a prototypical bird, such as a robin).


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