5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- belief perseverance
- a a mental image or best example of a category. Matching new items to a prototype provides a quick and easy method for sorting items into categories (as when comparing feathered creatures to a prototypical bird, such as a robin).
- b the set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language; also, the study of meaning.
- c clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited.
- d in language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.
- e all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- the stage in speech development, from about age 1 to 2, during which a child speaks mostly in single words.
- in a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others.
- the tendency to be more certain than correct—to overestimate the accuracy of our beliefs and judgments.
- judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to match particular prototypes; may lead us to ignore other relevant information.
- early speech stage in which a child speaks using mostly nouns and verbs such as "go car".
5 True/False Questions
creativity → (1) the inability to see a problem from a new perspective, by employing a different mental set. (2) according to Freud, a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, in which conflicts were unresolved.
functional fixedness → the tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual uses or purposes; an impediment to problem solving.
mental set → a tendency to approach a problem in one particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past.
syntax → the rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language.
two-word stage → the stage in speech development, from about age 1 to 2, during which a child speaks mostly in single words.