5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- two-word stage
- a in language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.
- b the rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language.
- c beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly statements made up of only a couple of words.
- d a mental image or best example of a category. Matching new items to a prototype provides a quick and easy method for sorting items into categories (as when comparing feathered creatures to a prototypical bird, such as a robin).
- e our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning.
5 Multiple choice questions
- the tendency to be more certain than correct—to overestimate the accuracy of our beliefs and judgments.
- judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to match particular prototypes; may lead us to ignore other relevant information.
- Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think.
- the set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language; also, the study of meaning.
- a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem. Contrasts with the usually speedier—but also more error-prone—use of heuristics.
5 True/False questions
belief perseverance → the tendency to be more certain than correct—to overestimate the accuracy of our beliefs and judgments.
concept → a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
fixation → the way an issue is posed; how an issue is presented can significantly affect decisions and judgments.
creativity → the ability to produce novel and valuable ideas.
confirmation bias → (1) the inability to see a problem from a new perspective, by employing a different mental set. (2) according to Freud, a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, in which conflicts were unresolved.