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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. semantics
  2. cognition
  3. belief perseverance
  4. phoneme
  5. prototype
  1. a a mental image or best example of a category. Matching new items to a prototype provides a quick and easy method for sorting items into categories (as when comparing feathered creatures to a prototypical bird, such as a robin).
  2. b the set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language; also, the study of meaning.
  3. c clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited.
  4. d in language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.
  5. e all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. the stage in speech development, from about age 1 to 2, during which a child speaks mostly in single words.
  2. in a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others.
  3. the tendency to be more certain than correct—to overestimate the accuracy of our beliefs and judgments.
  4. judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to match particular prototypes; may lead us to ignore other relevant information.
  5. early speech stage in which a child speaks using mostly nouns and verbs such as "go car".

5 True/False Questions

  1. creativity(1) the inability to see a problem from a new perspective, by employing a different mental set. (2) according to Freud, a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, in which conflicts were unresolved.


  2. functional fixednessthe tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual uses or purposes; an impediment to problem solving.


  3. mental seta tendency to approach a problem in one particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past.


  4. syntaxthe rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language.


  5. two-word stagethe stage in speech development, from about age 1 to 2, during which a child speaks mostly in single words.


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