5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- linguistic determinism
- a in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word (such as a prefix).
- b Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think.
- c all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
- d a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem. Contrasts with the usually speedier—but also more error-prone—use of heuristics.
- e the ability to produce novel and valuable ideas.
5 Multiple choice questions
- clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited.
- the stage in speech development, from about age 1 to 2, during which a child speaks mostly in single words.
- a tendency to search for information that supports our preconceptions and to ignore or distort contradictory evidence.
- judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to match particular prototypes; may lead us to ignore other relevant information.
- a tendency to approach a problem in one particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past.
5 True/False questions
grammar → the way an issue is posed; how an issue is presented can significantly affect decisions and judgments.
overconfidence → the tendency to be more certain than correct—to overestimate the accuracy of our beliefs and judgments.
babbling stage → beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly statements made up of only a couple of words.
semantics → the set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language; also, the study of meaning.
functional fixedness → a tendency to approach a problem in one particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past.