5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- a in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word (such as a prefix).
- b (1) the inability to see a problem from a new perspective, by employing a different mental set. (2) according to Freud, a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, in which conflicts were unresolved.
- c a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem. Contrasts with the usually speedier—but also more error-prone—use of heuristics.
- d the way an issue is posed; how an issue is presented can significantly affect decisions and judgments.
- e the tendency to be more certain than correct—to overestimate the accuracy of our beliefs and judgments.
5 Multiple choice questions
- clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited.
- an effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as contrasted with explicit, conscious reasoning.
- beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language.
- a simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but also more error-prone than algorithms.
- in language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.
5 True/False questions
insight → a sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem; it contrasts with strategy-based solutions.
cognition → an effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as contrasted with explicit, conscious reasoning.
concept → a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
linguistic determinism → an effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as contrasted with explicit, conscious reasoning.
representativeness heuristic → judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to match particular prototypes; may lead us to ignore other relevant information.