5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- babbling stage
- a in language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.
- b a sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem; it contrasts with strategy-based solutions.
- c our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning.
- d beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language.
- e a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
5 Multiple choice questions
- beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly statements made up of only a couple of words.
- the way an issue is posed; how an issue is presented can significantly affect decisions and judgments.
- estimating the likelihood of events based on their presence in our memory; if instances come readily to mind (perhaps because of their vividness), we presume such events are common.
- the rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language.
- a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem. Contrasts with the usually speedier—but also more error-prone—use of heuristics.
5 True/False questions
fixation → an effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as contrasted with explicit, conscious reasoning.
overconfidence → the stage in speech development, from about age 1 to 2, during which a child speaks mostly in single words.
linguistic determinism → an effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as contrasted with explicit, conscious reasoning.
semantics → the set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language; also, the study of meaning.
prototype → a mental image or best example of a category. Matching new items to a prototype provides a quick and easy method for sorting items into categories (as when comparing feathered creatures to a prototypical bird, such as a robin).