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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. framing
  2. mental set
  3. babbling stage
  4. grammar
  5. one-word stage
  1. a the stage in speech development, from about age 1 to 2, during which a child speaks mostly in single words.
  2. b a tendency to approach a problem in one particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past.
  3. c in a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others.
  4. d beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language.
  5. e the way an issue is posed; how an issue is presented can significantly affect decisions and judgments.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. a mental image or best example of a category. Matching new items to a prototype provides a quick and easy method for sorting items into categories (as when comparing feathered creatures to a prototypical bird, such as a robin).
  2. judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to match particular prototypes; may lead us to ignore other relevant information.
  3. in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word (such as a prefix).
  4. estimating the likelihood of events based on their presence in our memory; if instances come readily to mind (perhaps because of their vividness), we presume such events are common.
  5. Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think.

5 True/False Questions

  1. fixation(1) the inability to see a problem from a new perspective, by employing a different mental set. (2) according to Freud, a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, in which conflicts were unresolved.


  2. languagethe rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language.


  3. two-word stagethe stage in speech development, from about age 1 to 2, during which a child speaks mostly in single words.


  4. concepta mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.


  5. functional fixednessthe tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual uses or purposes; an impediment to problem solving.


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