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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. fixation
  2. overconfidence
  3. framing
  4. algorithm
  5. morpheme
  1. a in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word (such as a prefix).
  2. b (1) the inability to see a problem from a new perspective, by employing a different mental set. (2) according to Freud, a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, in which conflicts were unresolved.
  3. c a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem. Contrasts with the usually speedier—but also more error-prone—use of heuristics.
  4. d the way an issue is posed; how an issue is presented can significantly affect decisions and judgments.
  5. e the tendency to be more certain than correct—to overestimate the accuracy of our beliefs and judgments.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited.
  2. an effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as contrasted with explicit, conscious reasoning.
  3. beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language.
  4. a simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but also more error-prone than algorithms.
  5. in language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.

5 True/False questions

  1. insighta sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem; it contrasts with strategy-based solutions.

          

  2. cognitionan effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as contrasted with explicit, conscious reasoning.

          

  3. concepta mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.

          

  4. linguistic determinisman effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as contrasted with explicit, conscious reasoning.

          

  5. representativeness heuristicjudging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to match particular prototypes; may lead us to ignore other relevant information.

          

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