5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- mental set
- babbling stage
- one-word stage
- a the stage in speech development, from about age 1 to 2, during which a child speaks mostly in single words.
- b a tendency to approach a problem in one particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past.
- c in a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others.
- d beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language.
- e the way an issue is posed; how an issue is presented can significantly affect decisions and judgments.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- a mental image or best example of a category. Matching new items to a prototype provides a quick and easy method for sorting items into categories (as when comparing feathered creatures to a prototypical bird, such as a robin).
- judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to match particular prototypes; may lead us to ignore other relevant information.
- in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word (such as a prefix).
- estimating the likelihood of events based on their presence in our memory; if instances come readily to mind (perhaps because of their vividness), we presume such events are common.
- Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think.
5 True/False Questions
fixation → (1) the inability to see a problem from a new perspective, by employing a different mental set. (2) according to Freud, a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, in which conflicts were unresolved.
language → the rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language.
two-word stage → the stage in speech development, from about age 1 to 2, during which a child speaks mostly in single words.
concept → a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
functional fixedness → the tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual uses or purposes; an impediment to problem solving.