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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. cognition
  2. linguistic determinism
  3. morpheme
  4. algorithm
  5. creativity
  1. a in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word (such as a prefix).
  2. b Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think.
  3. c all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
  4. d a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem. Contrasts with the usually speedier—but also more error-prone—use of heuristics.
  5. e the ability to produce novel and valuable ideas.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited.
  2. the stage in speech development, from about age 1 to 2, during which a child speaks mostly in single words.
  3. a tendency to search for information that supports our preconceptions and to ignore or distort contradictory evidence.
  4. judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to match particular prototypes; may lead us to ignore other relevant information.
  5. a tendency to approach a problem in one particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past.

5 True/False questions

  1. grammarthe way an issue is posed; how an issue is presented can significantly affect decisions and judgments.


  2. overconfidencethe tendency to be more certain than correct—to overestimate the accuracy of our beliefs and judgments.


  3. babbling stagebeginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly statements made up of only a couple of words.


  4. semanticsthe set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language; also, the study of meaning.


  5. functional fixednessa tendency to approach a problem in one particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past.


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