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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. syntax
  2. phoneme
  3. insight
  4. overconfidence
  5. creativity
  1. a the rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language.
  2. b a sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem; it contrasts with strategy-based solutions.
  3. c the ability to produce novel and valuable ideas.
  4. d the tendency to be more certain than correct—to overestimate the accuracy of our beliefs and judgments.
  5. e in language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited.
  2. a mental image or best example of a category. Matching new items to a prototype provides a quick and easy method for sorting items into categories (as when comparing feathered creatures to a prototypical bird, such as a robin).
  3. a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
  4. beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language.
  5. a tendency to search for information that supports our preconceptions and to ignore or distort contradictory evidence.

5 True/False questions

  1. algorithmin a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word (such as a prefix).


  2. semanticsthe rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language.


  3. one-word stagebeginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly statements made up of only a couple of words.


  4. intuitionall the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.


  5. functional fixednessthe tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual uses or purposes; an impediment to problem solving.


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