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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. availability heuristic
  2. two-word stage
  3. concept
  4. intuition
  5. babbling stage
  1. a estimating the likelihood of events based on their presence in our memory; if instances come readily to mind (perhaps because of their vividness), we presume such events are common.
  2. b a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
  3. c an effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as contrasted with explicit, conscious reasoning.
  4. d beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly statements made up of only a couple of words.
  5. e beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. a tendency to search for information that supports our preconceptions and to ignore or distort contradictory evidence.
  2. all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
  3. the ability to produce novel and valuable ideas.
  4. the way an issue is posed; how an issue is presented can significantly affect decisions and judgments.
  5. (1) the inability to see a problem from a new perspective, by employing a different mental set. (2) according to Freud, a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, in which conflicts were unresolved.

5 True/False Questions

  1. insighta mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.

          

  2. mental seta tendency to approach a problem in one particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past.

          

  3. syntaxa mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.

          

  4. functional fixednessa tendency to approach a problem in one particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past.

          

  5. one-word stagethe stage in speech development, from about age 1 to 2, during which a child speaks mostly in single words.

          

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