5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- representativeness heuristic
- a in language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.
- b the way an issue is posed; how an issue is presented can significantly affect decisions and judgments.
- c the set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language; also, the study of meaning.
- d our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning.
- e judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to match particular prototypes; may lead us to ignore other relevant information.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
- estimating the likelihood of events based on their presence in our memory; if instances come readily to mind (perhaps because of their vividness), we presume such events are common.
- in a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others.
- beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly statements made up of only a couple of words.
- a tendency to approach a problem in one particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past.
5 True/False Questions
heuristic → a simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but also more error-prone than algorithms.
confirmation bias → (1) the inability to see a problem from a new perspective, by employing a different mental set. (2) according to Freud, a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, in which conflicts were unresolved.
intuition → all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
belief perseverance → beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language.
morpheme → in language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.