5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- a the rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language.
- b a sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem; it contrasts with strategy-based solutions.
- c the ability to produce novel and valuable ideas.
- d the tendency to be more certain than correct—to overestimate the accuracy of our beliefs and judgments.
- e in language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.
5 Multiple choice questions
- clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited.
- a mental image or best example of a category. Matching new items to a prototype provides a quick and easy method for sorting items into categories (as when comparing feathered creatures to a prototypical bird, such as a robin).
- a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
- beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language.
- a tendency to search for information that supports our preconceptions and to ignore or distort contradictory evidence.
5 True/False questions
algorithm → in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word (such as a prefix).
semantics → the rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language.
one-word stage → beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly statements made up of only a couple of words.
intuition → all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
functional fixedness → the tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual uses or purposes; an impediment to problem solving.