5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- two-word stage
- confirmation bias
- a in language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.
- b the tendency to be more certain than correct—to overestimate the accuracy of our beliefs and judgments.
- c beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly statements made up of only a couple of words.
- d a tendency to search for information that supports our preconceptions and to ignore or distort contradictory evidence.
- e all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
5 Multiple choice questions
- beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language.
- a tendency to approach a problem in one particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past.
- an effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as contrasted with explicit, conscious reasoning.
- a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
- Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think.
5 True/False questions
algorithm → a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem. Contrasts with the usually speedier—but also more error-prone—use of heuristics.
telegraphic speech → early speech stage in which a child speaks using mostly nouns and verbs such as "go car".
syntax → in language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.
semantics → the set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language; also, the study of meaning.
availability heuristic → estimating the likelihood of events based on their presence in our memory; if instances come readily to mind (perhaps because of their vividness), we presume such events are common.