Ch. 6 Cantrell

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federal

One of the major problems faced by delegates to the Constitutional Convention was what would happen if there was a conflict between state and______laws

Supremacy Clause

what upholds the notion that federal law has the authority to override state law

Dual Sovereignty

what is the idea that the federal government and the states have the exclusive power over their own spheres

Seperation of Powers

what divides the powers of the government so that no one branch can pose a threat to popular rights

2/3 proportion

______of both houses of Congress must vote in favor of a bill in order to override a president's veto

function

The________of Congress is the legislative branch which makes the nation's laws

Senate

the________has 2 members per state

Vice President's

whose role in Congress is that he is the president of the Senate and casts a vote only in the event of a tie

representatives

The Constitution insists on dividing state_________ into a bicameral Congress to allow each side to keep the power of the other side in check

ratification

The _________of a Constitutional amedment by Congress cannot be accomplished by a simple

legislative

The president can check the power of the_________branch by using veto

President

Before taking the office of___________he/she must take the Oath of Office

enforce them

The job of the executive branch in relation to laws is to __________

Treason

_______, bribary, high crimes and miademeanors are all grounds to impeach a president, vice-president, and all civil officers of the United States

checks and balances

The fact that the Constitution allows for the removal of a president from office shows government is based on what

Judicail

The Constitution assigns the __________branch to interpret laws.

unconstitutional

The federal court can strike down a state or federal law if he law is what.

judicial branch

The 2 checks that the other branches have on the _______ _______are Supreme Court JUstices are appointed by the president and can be impeached by congress.

James Madison

who added the Bill of Rights because Americans feared that a strong central government might take away rigths that states had granted to individuals.

majority rule

According to the greatest amount of people in society makepolicy to individuals.

Rights and freedoms

The main reason the Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution was to define the _______and_______of citizens clearly.

2 3 4

which 3 amendments were significant during the late 1700s because British soldiers forced citizens to submit to their authority during colonial disputes before the revolution.

Due process

what is the standard that places limitations on laws and legal proceedings in an effort to guarantee fairness and justice

Supreme Court's

___________ ___________position on cruel and unusual punishments is that not all executions are cruel and unusual, but the death penalty is sometimes carried out in a cruel and unusual way

9 10

According to which 2 amendments the judicial branch and Congress gets to decide on other basic rigths.

Bill of Rights

The right to a fair and prompt trial is not metioned in the Constitution, but is protected in the...

Bill of Rights

what gives the states and the people powers that the Constitution does not specifically give to Congress. These are called delegated powers.

US citizen

Foreign-born people whose parents are not citizens must move to the U.S fora person to become a

5

Privileges that legal immigrants have while in the U.S are that if they have reached 18 and spent __ years in the U.S. they can request to be a nateralized citizen.

naturalized

In the U.S, most________citizens are Americans who were born outside of the U.S to foreign born parents

health insurance

buying ______ ______is not not a duty of citizenship.

selctive service

American men 18 years and older have to register with what so that the federal government can contact them in case of a military draft

6th

Citizens accept responsibility for protecting others'____amendment rights by serving on juries

political action committees

The purpose of_______ _______ _______(PAC)is to raise money from contributors and give it to the candidates who support certain issues.

Voting

in elections is encouraged but not required as a duty of a citizen

Alexis de Tocqueville

who observed that citizens motivated to take political action should become members of interest groups because political associations do important work that even the largest government could not accomplish on its own.

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