believe that the constitution should be interpreted narrowly
interpret the constitution more broadly
because of these powers, congress has a great deal of control over the nations policies
in order to pay for programs congress passes these, they are requests to fund programs and usually come from the president
the buying and selling of goods and services
these protect the rights to their works of writers, artists, and composers for a period of time
enable inventors to control how their inventions are manufactured and sold.
these powers are not directly stated in the constitution; belong to the government
two inherent powers that belong to congress: to investigate issues and topics that are viewed as important, to oversee how laws are carried out
permanent committee, house has 19 senate has 18
small working groups of members of the standing committees, each deals with a larger committee's work.
the chair is usually the person from the majority party who has been on the committee the longest, what is this known as?
also known as special committees, are temporary, set up to study one topic or issue and report on it to the house or the senate
are made up of members of both houses, may be permanent or temporarary
temporary and made up of both houses. they work out differences in House and Senate versions of the bill.
to question a witness, congressional committees have this power
if a witness is caught lying under oath they are charged with this
when a witness is not charged with any crime that he or she testifies about committing.
if a witness refuses to testify if they know information, they are charged with this
includes everyone who works for the government, including nonelected employees.
power of the purse
congress uses this power by adding money for certain programs, cutting spendi.ng on others, or ending funding for some programs completely
they do much of the work gathering and reviewing inforation and writing reports for committee members
the refusal of the president to spend money that congress set aside for a program