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-cele

herniation

cheil/o

lips

choleangi/o

bile ducts(vessels)

cholecyst/o

gallbladder

-clysis

irrigation or washing

col/o

large intestine

duoden/o

duodenum

-ectasia

dilation or stretching

enter/o

intestine(mostly small intestine)

esophag/o

esophagus

gastr/o

stomach

gingiv/o

gums

gloss/o

tongue

-graphy

process of making a picture

hepat/o

liver

ile/o

ileum

jejun/o

jejunum

lingu/o

tongue

-logist

specialist who studies

-lysis

destruction

-megaly

enlarged

myc/o

fungus

-ostomy

make a new opening

pancreat/o

make a new opening

-pexy

fixation of a prolapsed organ

-plegia

paralysis

proct/o

anus and rectum

-ptosis

prolasped organ

rect/o

rectum

-rrhagia

hemorrhage

-rrhaphy

suture

-scope

looking instrument

sigmoid/o

sigmoid colon

splen/o

spleen

stomat/o

mouth

-centesis

surgical puncture (remove fluid)

osis

condition

itis

inflammation

stomatomycosis

condition of mouth fungus

glossalgia

pain in the tongue

glossal

pertaining to tongue

sublingual

adjective, means under the tongue

hypoglossal

under the tongue

glossoptosis

prolapse of the tongue

-plegia

suffix meaning paralysis

glossoplegic

paralsis of tongue

cheilitis

inflammation of lips

cheiloplasty

plastic surgey of the lips

cheil

word root for lips

cheil/o

combining form for lips

BM

bowel movement

PO

by mouth,orally

NPO,npo

nothing by mouth

EGD

esophagogastroduodenoscopy

ERCP

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

GERD

gastroesophageal reflux disease

Hep B

hepatitis B vaccine

HAV

hepatitis A virus

HBV

hepatitis B virus

HCV

hepatitis C virus

HP

Helicobacter pylori

GI

gastrointestional

GB

gallbladder

NG

naogastric

BE

barium enema

stomatitis

inflammation of the mouth

stomatoplasty

surgical repair of the mouth

stomatalgia

pain in mouth

stomatorrhagia

hemorrhage of the mouth

stomatomycosis

condition of mouth fungus

cheilotomy

incision of the lips

cheilostomatoplasty

plastic surgery of lips and mouth

gingiv/o

combining form for gums

gingival

pertaining to the gums

gingivitis

inflammation of the gums

gingivctomy

excision of the gums

gingivoglossitis

inflammation of the gums and tongue

linguogingival

tongue and gums ( adjective)

mastication

process of chewing

ingestion

process of swallowing

digestion

chemical breakdown of food

absorption

movement of nutrients from intestine to the blood

defecation

expelling solid waste

feces

solid waste material

stool

solid waste material

eso-

means in or toward

esophageal

( adjective) of esophagus

esophagostenosis

narrowing of the esophagus

stenosis

condition of narrowing that may occur in a tube or passageway

mitral stenosis

narrowing of the mitral valve opening in the heart

gastroesophageal reflux disease

( GERD) causes the gastric and duodenal juices to enter and irritae the esophagus

gastrorrhagia

stomach hemorrage

gastritis

inflammation of the stomach

gastric

pertaining to the stomach

-ectasia (ectasis)

suffix meaning stretching or dilatation

gastrectasia

dilatation or stretching of the stomach

gastroenteroptosis

prolapse of the stomach and small intestine

enter/o

words used about the small intestine or intestine in general

gastroenterology

internal medicine specialty that studies diseases of stomach and intestine

enteritis

inflammation of intestine

dysenterly

diorder of intestine by inflammation, pain, and diarrhea.

dys-

diffuculty or pain

gastroenteric

pertaining to stomach and small intestine

enterorrhagia

hemorrhage of small intestine

enterocele

intertinal hernia

enterocentesis

surgical punture of the small intestine

enteroptosis

prolapse of small intestine

col/o

combining form for colon ( large intestine)

colic or colonic

pertaining to colon or large intestine

colocentesis

surgical punture of colon

colopexy

surgical fixation of colon

colostomy

making new opening into colon

coloptosis

prolapseof colon

diverticulitis (singular,diverticulum)

inflammation of diverticula

diverticula

outpouchings or pockets that develop in colon wall

diverticulosis

chronic abdominal pain,cramping,and changes in bowel habits

coloclysis

irrigation of colon

-clysis

suffix for washing or irrigation

enteroscope

instrument to examine small intestine

sigmoid/o

refers to the sigmoid colon

sigmoidoscope

used to examine the sigmoid colon ( instrument)

sigmoidoscopy

procedure of examining the sigmoid colon with scope

rect/o

combining form for rectum

rectal

pertaining to rectum

rectocele

rectal hernia or herniation of rectum

colorectal

pertaining to colon and rectum

rectoclysis

washing or irrigation of rectum

rectoscope

instrument for examining the rectum

rectoscopy

proces of examining the rectum with rectoscope

rectoplasty

plastic surgery of the rectum

rectorrhaphy

suturing or stitching of rectum

cathartic

another name for a laxative

constipation

infrequent or small amount of bowel movement

hepat/o

combining form for liver

hepatomegaly

means enlargement of liver

rectourethral

pertaining to rectum and urethra

rectocystotomy

incision of bladder through the rectum

proct/o

combining form for anus and rectum

proctoclysis

washing or irrigation of anus and rectum

proctologist

specializes in diseases of anus and rectum

proctopexy

surgical fixation of rectum and anus

proctorrhaphy

suturing of rectum and anus

hepatitis

inflammation of liver

pancreat/o

used in words about pancreas

pacreatolysis

destruction of pancreatic tissue

pancreatolith

stone or calculus in pancreas

pancreatopathy

any pancreatic disease

pancreatectomy

excision of part or all pancreas

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