2nd tri lit terms

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colloquialism

slang

protagonist

main character

climax

highest point of action; moment at which crisis reaches its point of greatest intensity and is thereafter resolved

motif

repeated mini-theme; conspicuous element, such as type of incident, device, reference or formula, which occurs frequently in works of literature

paradox

something that's impossible but is

aside

one person speaking privately to audience; other actores cannot hear

monologue

one person speaking

soliloquy

one person (alone) on stage talking (thoughts)

foil

a character who seems identical to protagonist; character who, by sharp contrast, serves to stress and highlight the distinctive temperament of the protagonist

prose

writing in sentences

dramatic irony

audience knows something characters don't

euphemism

polite or vague way of saying something

verse

poetry

irony

the opposite of what's expected

black humor

sick humor

anachronism

something out of time order

comic relief

a scene to drop the tension (in the audience)

pathos

anger and frustration over the situation

static

unchanging (no action)

dynamic

changing

apostrophe

speech or address to something or someone not present

hyperbole

over-exaggeration

malaprop

a word that is similar to the word intended

satire

using humor to criticize serious, controversial topics; literary art of diminishing or derogating a subject by making it ridiculous evoking toward it attitudes of amusement, contempt, scorn or indignation

persona

a character based off the author (author pretending to be someone else)

cliff hanger

a question or situation that's unanswered (always at the ends of a chapter)

picaresque

protagonist or hero, often with companions, goes on ordeals and adventures (adventure story); don't need to worry about plot line, just go place to place

teaser

unexplained information in middle of chapter

parody

extreme humor to the point of silliness on a topic

turning point

something happens to change things; a point of great tension in a narrative that determines how the action will come out

diction

choice of a particular word as opposed to others; language

genre

types/classes of literature: 1. lyric (uttered throughout in first person) 2. epic/narrative (narrator speaks in first person, then lets characters speak for themselves) 3. drama (characters do all the talking)

denotation

dictionary meaning

connotation

associated significations and meanings which it commonly suggests or implies

blank verse

consists of lines of iambic pentameter which are unrhymed

alliteration

repetition of a speech sound in a sequence of nearby words; only consonants and only when recurrent sound begins a word or a stressed syllable with a word

short story

brief work of prose fiction; organizes the action, thought and dialogue of its characters into the artful pattern of a plot

hero

do something good that is above and beyond expectations

Christian hero

upholds Christian/middle class values

tone

writer's feeling expressed through story

antagonist

character that deceives, frustrates, or works against the protagonist in some way

anti-climax

part of falling action after climax; things get resolved

syntax

creation of good sentences

voice

denominating tone of a literary work

narrative

a story (in prose or verse) involving events, characters, and what characters say and do

coincidence

a striking occurrence of two or more events at one time apparently by mere chance

comedy

a fictional work in which the materials are selected and managed primarily in order to interest and amuse us; no great disaster, happy chief characters

tragic flaw

lack of some important insight, some blindness that ironically results from one's own strengths and abilities

minor character

character that is not central to the story

audience

the person(s) reading a text, listening to a speaker, or observing a perfomance

third person omniscient

hear thoughts or feelings of different characters

falling action

action after the climax characterized by diminishing tensions and the resolution of the plot's conflicts and complications

figurative language

conspicuous departure from what users of a language apprehend as the standard meaning of words, or else the standard order of words, in order to achieve some special meaning or effect

dramatic monologue

poem in which a poetic speaker addresses either the reader or an internal listener

major character

character that is central to the story

situational irony

accidental events occur that seem oddly appropriate

psychological realism

find out what character is thinking

imagery

some literary figure that you can taste, hear, touch, smell, or see

essay

any short composition in prose that undertakes to discuss a matter, express a point of view, persuade us to accept a thesis on any subject, or simply entertain

foreshadowing

suggesting, hinting, indicating, or showing what will occur later in a narrative

assonance

repetition of identical or similar vowels in a sequence of nearby words

understatement

deliberately represents something as very much less in magnitude or importance than it really is, or is ordinarily considered to be

iambic pentameter

five-stress iambic verse; pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables

epic

a long narrative poem originally handed down through oral tradition, dealing with great heroes and adventure

setting

general locale, historical time, and social circumstances in which its action occurs (overall setting); particular physical location in which it takes place (setting of single scene or episode)

chronological narrative

in time order

narrator

someone outside story proper who refers to all the characters in the story by name, or as "he", "she", "they" (in third person narrative)

point of view

signifies the way a story gets told; mode established by means of which reader is presented with characters, dialogue, actions, setting, and events which constitute the narrative in a work of fiction

allusions

reference to another piece of literature

rite of passage

change in status or behavior

existentialism

reason to live

first person

the pronoun "I"

dynamic character

changes during course of story

allegory

a narrative, whether in prose or verse, in which the agents and actions, and sometimes the setting as well are contrived by the author to make coherent sense on the "literal," or primary, level of signification, and at the same time to signify a second, correlated order of signification

synecdoche

when one uses a part to represent the whole

realism

detailed, probing analyses of the way "things really are"

social realism

societal realism; some component of society that is criticized

symbol

a word or phrase that signifies an object or event which in its turn signifies something, or has a range of reference, beyond itself

theme

a central idea or statement that unifies and controls an entire literary work

omen

a miraculous sign, a natural disaster, or a disturbance in nature that reveals the will of the gods in the aren of politics or social behavior or predicts a coming change in human history

personification

an inanimate object or an abstract concept is spoken of as though it were endowed with life or with human attributes or feelings

consonance

repetition of a sequence of two or more consonants, but with a change in the intervening vowel (live-love, lean-alone, pitter-patter)

novel

variety of writings all being works of fiction written in prose; as an extended narrative, its magnitude permits a greater variety of characters, greater complication of plot(s), and more sustained exploration of character and motives than do shorter, more concentrated modes

play

designed for perfomance in the theater, in which actors take the roles of the characters, perform indicated action and utter the written dialogue

anti-hero

chief person in a modern novel or play whose character is widely discrepant from that of the protagonist/hero; is petty, ignominious, passive, ineffectual, or dishonest

flashback

interpolated narratives or scenes (of justified as a memory, a reverire, or confession by one of the characters) which represents events that happened before the time at which the work opened

speaker

voice used by an author to tell a story or speak a poem

tragedy

literary representations of serious actions which eventuate in a disastrous conclusion for the protagonist

archetype

ideas that are frequently repeated in literature, myth, religion, or folklore, making them universal across culture and time

play of manners

static; little physical action

mood

emotional tone pervading a section of the whole of a literary work, which fosters in the reader expectations as to the course of events, whether happy or terrifying or disastrous

second person

pronoun "you"

rising action

action leading to the climax

static character

unchanging character

frame

structure of a story

catharsis

the sudden release of pent up emotion

coherence

the smooth movement from one are to the next

episodic

one story after another

achronological

not in time order

political realism

author criticizing something based on his/her political views

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