Geography 341 Exam 1

Created by fonzess 

Upgrade to
remove ads

27 terms

State

the dominant form of political organization in the world - and will likely remain so

State

and independent country consisting of a specific territory and citizens bound by a sovereign government that demands (but does not always obtain) their loyalty

State

A ______ should always have land territory, a permanent resident population, government, an organized economy, and a circulation system.

true

(true/false) Without political organization, there can be no State.

circulation system

one of the characteristics a State must possess: involves some organized means of transmitting goods, people, and ideas from one part of the territory to another.

sovereignty, recognition

the two political criteria that help determine whether or not a political unit is a State.

sovereignty

in a general sense, it means power (over the people of an area) that is unrestrained by laws originating outside the area, or independence completely free of direct external control

recognition

in addition to sovereignty, __________ is required for a political unit to be accepted as a State.

nation

a group of people

nation

a reasonably large group of people with a common culture, a territory they view as their homeland, and sharing one or more important cultural traits (language, religion, political institutions, values, historical experience).

nationalism

a feeling of belonging to a particular nation

ethnic

three typics of nationalism: civic nationalism, ________ nationalism, religious nationalism

true

(true, false) nationalism can be a healthy emotion.

irredentism

the desire to incorporate within the State all areas that had once been part of the State and/or areas of adjacent States that have become home to their ethnic kin (if successful, one state expands at the expense of another).

secession

a people and their territory withdraw from a State to become independent.

chauvinism

an extreme form of nationalism; "superpatriotism"; excessive and bellicose feelings of superiority over all other peoples and countries.

nation-state

the ideal form to which most nations and States aspire and which best promotes territorial stability.

nation-state

"a nation with a State wrapped around it" - a State in which no significant group is not part of the nation

Iceland

great example of a nation-state

nation-state

Japan, Egypt, Portugal, Sweden, Uruguay - all are examples of a ________________

multinational

Canada is an example of a ______________ state.

multinational state

Belgium, South Africa, Afghanistan, China - all are examples of a __________ _______

Stateless

_________ nations: peoples living as a minority in one or more States who want a State of their own carved from territory currently included in one or more States. aka "non-state nations"

Kurds

examples of Stateless nations: Macedonians living in Greece, Bulgaria, Serbia; Basques in Spain and Rance; and ______ in Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Syria.

Eritrea

only two nations have succesfully seceded from the States that originally contained them: East Timor and ________.

devolution

a process in which a region receives greater autonomy (local rule) from the central government

irredentism

this term dervies from an area of northern Italy that was still part of Austria after the rest of Italy had become a nation-state. Italian nationalists referred to it as Italia irredenta - "unredeemed Italy"

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

NEW! Voice Recording

Click the mic to start.

Create Set