Medical Terminology Prefixes and SUffixes

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prefixes, suffixes, and word roots for medical terminology chapter 5 quiz/test

a-, an-

without

ab-

away from

ad-

toward

ante-

before

anti-

against

bi-

both, two

brady-

slow

circum-

round

contra-

against

diplo-

double

dys-

painful, difficult

ecto-

outside

endo-, intra-

inside

epi-

upper, above

hemi-

half

hyper-

excessive, above, more than

hypo-

deficient, below, less than

inter-

between

later-

side

mal-

bad, difficult

mega-, macro-

large

micro-

small

mono-, uni-

one, single

ortho-

straight

peri-

around

poly-

many, much

post-

behind, after

pre-

before, in front of

pro-

forward

pseudo-

false

retro-

backward, behind

semi-

half

sub-

below

tachy-

fast

tele-

distant, far

trans-

across

ultra-

beyond, excess

-a, -ac, -al

pertaining to

-algia

pain

-ase

enzyme

-centre

puncture

-cide

causing death

-dipsia

thirst

-ectomy

surgical removal

-emesis

vomit

-emia

blood

-esthesia

sensation

-genesis, -genic

origin, source

-gram, -graph

pictures, record

-ia

a disease

-iasis

abnormal condition

-ism

state of

-itis

inflammation

-lysis

destruction

-malacia

softening

-megaly

enlarged

-oid

like, similar

-ologist

specialist

-ology

study of

-oma

tumor

-orrhagia

hemorrhage

-orrhea

flow

-osis

condition of

-ostomy

surgical opening

-pathy

disease

-penia

deficiency

-phobia

fear

-plasty

surgical repair

-plegia

stroke, paralysis

-pnea

breathing

-ptosis

drooping down

-sclerosis

hardening

-scope

picture, inspection

-stasis

stoppage

-toxic

poisonous

-trophy

development, growth

-uria

urine

aden

gland

angio

blood vessel

arterio

artery

arthro

joint

carcin

cancer

cardio

heart

cephal

head

cerebro

brain

chole

gall, bile

colo

colon

costo

ribs

cranio

skull

cysto

bladder, sac

derma

skin

entero

intestine

epidemi

among the people

erythro

red

gastro

stomach

gingiva

gum

gloss

tongue

glyco

sugar

hepat

liver

hemo

blood

hydro

water

hystero

uterus

leuko

white

lingua

tongue

mamm, mast

breast

myelo

bone marrow

myo

muscle

nephro, ren

kidney

neuro

nerve

ocul, ophthal

eye

oophor

ovary

odont, dent

tooth

osteo

bone

ped, pod

foot

phleb

vein

pneumo, pulm

lung

psych

mind, soul

salpingo

tube

thorac

thorax, chest

trach

trachea

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