What led to the fall of the kingdom?
1. People of Israel worshiped other Gods (Idolatry)
2. The Syria-Ephaimaitic War
3. Assyria forced Israel into exile
Wicked kings of the N. Kingdom
1. Ahab and Jezebel were the wicked kings of
2. Opposed by Elijah for being wicked
Two good kings of the S. Kingdom and
1. Hezekiah- Did what was right in the eyes of the Lord
2. Josiah- The Last Great Godly King. Known for reforms and the finding of the book of the Law.
Date of the finding of the Book of the Law
1&2 Chronicles Title
Hebrew- "The words of the days" or "The events"
Greek- "The things omitted"
1&2 Chronicles Author
1&2 Chronicles 2 Emphases
1. The centrality of the temple being vital
2. The role of the priest and Levites being legitimized
Ezra/Nehemiah key events
539 B.C.-Babylonians overthrown by the Persians
538 B.C.-Decree of Cyrus (Jews allowed to return home). "Edict of Cyrus" allows Jews to return to homeland.
534 B.C.-Construction begins on temple. (Started by Ezra)
520 B.C.-Construction restarted on the temple 516 B.C.-Temple completed
458 B.C.-Ezra comes to Jerusalem
445 B.C.-Nehemiah comes to Jerusalem and begins to rebuild the walls around the city.
Erza/Nehemiah 3 Returns
1st Return- Sheshbazzar was the Prince of Judah and Zerubbabel was the leader in the rebuilding. Temple is rebuilt. (Ezra)
2nd Return-Ezra leads a revival. Start of scribism. Emphasis on laws and purity of the nation.
3rd Return-Nehemiah leads the rebuilding of the walls to provide security for the city.
Ester Major Characters
Ahaserus (Xerxes) - King
Mordecai- Ester's cousin
Haman- high Persian official
Feast of Purim
Celebration for the deliverance from Haman's plat to kill all the Jew's (Ester 3:7)
Ester Theological Implications
1. God would not let His people be destroyed. His car never wavers.
2. The sovereignty of God and How he works to accomplish his purpose
3. God has a purpose/plan for all of our lives
Five Poetry Books
Job, Psalm, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Song of Songs
Contains the problem of suffering
Contains the meditations and expressions of the heart concerning matters of life and faith
Contains wisdom for daily living
Contains contemplative questions regarding the search for the meaning of life
Song of Songs Statement
Contains poems rejoicing in the love of a man and a woman
- "hostile" which relates to Job's attitude towards God.
-"repent" or "penitent", associated with the Aramaic root
-"Father" and that it expresses the question of "Where is Father?"
Greek- "Psalmoi" music of string instruments
Hebrew- "Tehillim" praises
English- Pslams or Psalter