What part oif the cell is the material that holds organelles?
What part of the cell encompasses cytoplasm?
What part of the cell is for motility?
The Vibrio Cholerae is has what type of Flagella?
Monotrichous - only one flagella
The Bartonella Bacilloformis has what type of Flagella?
Lopotrichous - bunch of flagella at one end
The Spirillum Serpens has what type of Flagella?
Amphitrichous - bunches of flagella at both ends
The E. Coli has what type of Flagella?
Peritrichous - entire surface covered with flagella or cilia
What part of the cell attatches to other cells?
Which type of bacterial cell morphology lacks a distinct shape?
If you see gram positive chains in your microscopic examination, what is the specific bacteria?
What type of toxins act on GI tract causing diarrhea?
What are high potency toxins excreted from gram positive and gram negative organisms that are broken down into Enterotoxins and Neurotoxins?
If you suspect UTI caused by E. Coli, what urine colection method do you use?
What are examples of neurotoxins that act on the nervous system?
Tetanus and botulism
Why do you not use outside skin samples for specimen colection?
due to high number of normal flora bacteria.
Which reagent is the primary stain and what color does it stain?
Crystal violet; Blue/purple
Which reagent is the Mordant, is capable of intensifying or deepening the reaction of a specimen to a stain, and fixes a dye in or on substances?
Which reagent is the Decolorizer?
Ethanol & acetone solution 50/50
Which reagent is counterstain and what color does it stain?
Safranin-o that gives a red/pink color
Which Gram Stain reaction will stain dark blue to purple/black?
Which Gram Stain reaction will be deep pink to red?
What is the purpose of the Gram's Stain?
A differential staining technique vital to the CHARACTERIZATION and CLASSIFICATION of many types of bacteria
What is Gram positive lancet shaped diplococci that is the Causative agent of pneumococcal pneumonia?
Streptococcus pneumonia (Pneumococcus)
What is a Gram negative bacilli that maybe curved shaped and is motile with single flagellum?
What is a Gram negative bacilli that occurs in singles, pairs, short and long chains?
What is a Gram positive that looks like " watermelon seeds", will often have budding, may also have "Mickey mouse" shape and Branching (false hyphae) appear as "road maps"?
What is a Gram positive bacilli that may show irregular staining granules showing a "beaded" appearance, and have a characteristic " Chinese letter" or as L, V, or Y shapes?
What is a parasitic infection caused by the introduction of the protozoan organisms into the blood by the bite of a female anopheles mosquito?
Sporozoites enter parenchymal cells of what organ to become schizonts?
What is the Life cycle of plasmodium (malaria parasite)?
Female anopheles mosquito bites man, Sporozoites injected into man when bitten, Sporozoites enter parenchymal cells of liver to become schizonts, Schizonts rupture releasing merozoites and invade RBCs, Merozoites then develop into mature schizonts, RBC Ruptures and releases more Merozoites.
All stages of asexual cycle can be demonstrated in a peripheral blood smear with the exception of what?
What gametocyte is (female)- curved sausage/ banana shaped with central large chromatin dot covered with centralized mass of hemazoin?
What gametocyte is (male)- shorter and wider than female with rounded ends, diffused chromatin seen with hemazoin granules?
Which type of malaria is Most fatal and the Malignant tertian is 48 hours?
Which type of Malaria is Most common and
Tertian is 48 hours?
Which type of Malaria has a Quartan of 72 hours?
Which type of Malaria has an Ovale of 48 hours?
What is the proper way to scan the malaria smear?
The entire smear should be scanned, at least 100 fields, then report
What is a Multicellular heterotrophic organism occupying a separate kingdom from the plant and animal kingdoms?
Fungi has basic branching and intertwining structure called what?
Mycelium composed of tubular filaments called what?
What is Most common yeast isolate?
What Tinea is also known as athletes foot?
What is Defined as a fungal infection upon the skin?
Dermatophytes (Tinea spp.)
What is the nutrient source for dermatocyte?
Uses keratin as a nutrient source but are not capable of penetrating subcutaneous skin.
How long do you allow KOH to stand for?
What do you utilizing to scrape skin from the active edge of the lesion onto a glass slide?
a #15 scalpel blade
When is the optimum time to collect a malaria sample?
immediately after onset of fever or before fever spike for best results.
Where do you send unstained malaria smears?
to NEPMU as soon as possible for identification and confirmation
What bacteria is intra/extracellular dianositc for?
Gram Negative Diplococci(N. Gonorrhea)