cpt chap 22 and 23

Created by lakenhooten14 

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Axillary nodes

lymph nodes located in the armpit

splenectomy

excision of the spleen

splenoportography

radiographic procedure to allow visualiztion of the splenic and portal veins of the spleen

allogenic

of the same species, but genetically different

thoracic duct

collection and distribution point for lymph and the largest lymph vessel located in the chest

retroperitoneal

behind the sac holding the abdominal organs and viscera (peritoneum)

jugular nodes

lymph nodes located next to the large vein in the neck

cystic hygroma

congenital deformity or benign tumor of the lymphatic system

Cloquet's node

also called a gland; it is the highest of the deep groin lymph nodes

Inguinofemoral

term that refers to the groin and thigh

Cannulation

insertion of a tube into a duct or cavity

Abscess

localizaton of pus

Autologous, autogenous

from oneself

aspiration

use of a needle and syringe to withdraw fluid

stem cell

immature blood cells

transplantation

grafting of tissue from one source to another

lymph node

station along the lymphatic system

lymphadenitis

inflammation of a lymph node

lymphangiotomy

incision into a lymphatic vessel

lymphadenectomy

excision of a lymph node ( or nodes )

Mediastinum

The area between the lungs that contains the heart, aorta, trachea, lymph nodes, thymus gland, esophagus, and bronchial tubes.

diaphragm

muscular wall that separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities.

mediastinotomy

cutting into the mediastinum

fundoplasty

repair of the bottom of an organ or muscle

pyloroplasty

incision and repair of the phyloric channel

diaphragmatic hernia

hernia of the diaphragm

mediastinoscopy

use of an endoscope inserted through a small incision to view the mediastinum.

imbrication

overlapping

transthoracic

across the thorax

transabdominal

across the abdomen

paraesophageal hiatus hernia

hernia that is near the esophagus

gastroplasty

operation on the stomach for repair or reconfiguration.

vagotomy

surgical separation of the vagus nerve.

Gloss-

prefix meaning tongue

gastro-

prefix meaning stomach

anastomosis

surgical connection of two tubular structures, such as two pieces of the intestine.

hernia

organ or tissue protruding through the wall or cavity that usually contains it.

gastrointestinal

pertaining to the stomach and intestine.

ostomy

artifical opening

colostomy

artificial opening between the colon and the abdominal wall.

ileostomy

artificial opening between the ileum and the abdominal wall

jejunostomy

artificial opening between the jejunum and the abdominal wall.

gastrostomy

artificial opening between the stomach and the abdominal wall.

proctosigmoidoscopy

endoscopic examination of the sigmoid colon and rectum

sigmoidoscopy

endoscopic examination of the entire rectum and sigmoid colon that may include a portion of the descending colon.

colonoscopy

endoscopic examination of the entire colon that may include part of the terminal ileum.

cholangiography

radiographic recording of the bile ducts

chole-

prefix meaning bile

hepa-

prefix meaning liver

incarcerated

regarding hernias, a cnostricted, irreducible hernia that may cause obstruction of an intestine.

reducible

able to be corrected or put back into a normal position

spleen

initiates an immune response, filters and removes bacteria from the bloodstream and destroys worn out blood cells.

marrow or blood cell transplant

is a treatment for patients with blood disease, such as leukemia or lymphoma

bone marrow aspiration

a procedure in which a sample of bone marrow is taken by means of a needle that is inserted into the marrow cavity.

limited lymphadenectomy

is the removal of the lymph nodes only

phrenic nerve

another name for the diaphragmatic nerve

endoscope

is use to performed to view the esophagus and stomach are performed with this instrument

diagnostic endoscopy

type of endoscopy is always included in a surgical endoscopy and would therefore never be reported separately

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