7th Grade, Social Studies Chapter 6, Section 4

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Townshend Acts

Laws that placed duties on imported glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea

writs of assistance

Special search warrants that allowed tax collectors to search for smuggled goods

Daughters of Liberty

Groups of colonial women who met to sew, support the boycotts, and discuss politics

John Hancock

Boston merchant whose ship was seized by tax collectors on suspicion of smuggling

Boston Massacre

Killing of colonial citizens by British soldiers sent to Boston to enforce the Townshend Acts

Crispus Attucks

African American sailor killed during the Boston Massacre

propaganda

Stories and images designed to support a particular point of view (giving only one side of an argument)

Paul Revere

Person whose engraving of the Boston Massacre was distributed throughout New England

Tea Act

Law that kept duties on imported tea and allowed the British East India Company to sell its tea directly to the colonies

Boston Tea Party

Event in which colonists disguised as Indians dumped British tea in Boston Harbor

Intolerable Acts

Four laws passed by Parliament as punishment for the Boston Tea Party

Mercy Otis Warren

Person who wrote essays, poems, and plays criticizing the British government

imported glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea

Goods taxed by the Townshend Acts

Tea Party Punishment

Intolerable Acts

British East India Company

They could sell tea directly to colonies because of the Tea Act.

Made engraving of Boston Massacre

Paul Revere

Some of the Intolerable Acts

Boston Harbor was closed, the Massachusetts charter was canceled, it allowed British troops to quarter in all colonies.

342

Number of tea chests dumped into Boston Harbor.

Colonial response to Sugar Act

Colonists protested the Act and called for a boycott of items with duties.

Colonial response to Stamp Act

Colonists formed the Sons of Liberty.

Colonial response to Townshend Acts

Colonists used boycotts, colonial legislatures circulated a letter protesting the acts.

Colonial response to the Tea Act

Colonists used boycotts and propaganda, held the Boston Tea Party and destroyed tea shipments in some colonies.

Colonial response to the Intolerable Acts

Large-scale boycotts, propaganda, the First Continental Congress.

"The Group" and "The Blockheads"

Plays written by Mercy Otis Warren

Thomas Preston

An officer charged with murder in the Boston Massacre. He was acquitted.

Josiah Quincy and John Adams

Lawyers who agreed to defend Thomas Preston.

Candles or oil

Used to light Colonial lanterns and lamps.

280 lamps

This lit a giant pyramid built by the people of Boston to celebrate the repeal of the Stamp Act.

The Liberty

A ship which was seized by tax collections on suspicion of smuggling.

March 5, 1770

Date of Boston Massacre.

James Calwell, Crispus Attacks, Patrick Carr

Colonists killed in the Boston Massacre.

Why colonists were made about tea

Parliament repealed almost all the Townshend Acts, but kept the tax on tea.

Posters

The Sons of Liberty placed these around the city, called for things such as the boycott of a particular merchant.

Significance of Paul Revere's engraving

It shows armed British soldiers against defenseless, unarmed colonists.

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