the common man
Jackson used this as his campaign slogan, saying he wasn't rich and out of touch.
The Dorr Rebellion
Rhode Island would only let 1/2 of male citizens vote. Thomas Dorr came up with his own Rhode Island Constitution. Eventually they changed their voting policy.
Democrats and Whigs
Following Missouri Compromise, Democrats supported states rights, Whigs supported strong Federal gov't
states have the right to declare national laws or actions null and void. John C. Calhoun (1860s) If Congress makes decision to ban slavery; the states have the right to declare that unconstitutional, null and void.
Peggy Eaton Affair
Jackson's secretary of war, John H. Eaton, married Peggy Eaton in 1829. They were socially disregarded by Calhoun's wife and Calhoun's friends in the cabinet. Jackson believed that the Eaton affair was Calhoun's plot to discredit him and advance Calhoun's presidential ambitions.
Tariff of Abominations
Tariff passed by Congress in 1828 that favored manufacturing in the North and was hated by the South
Black Hawk War
Chief Black Hawk of Sauk tribe, led rebellion against US; started in Illinois and spread to Wisconsin Territory; 200 Sauk and Fox ppl murdered; tribes removed to areas west of Mississippi
The Bank War
Jackson was determined to destroy the Bank of the United States because he thought it was too powerful. He felt the Bank was unconstitutional and only benefited the rich.
Worcester v Georgia
Supreme Court Decision - Cherokee Indians were entitled to federal protection from the actions of state governments which would infringe on the tribe's sovereignty - Jackson ignored it
Maysville Road Veto
A veto by Jackson that prevented the Maysville road from being funded by federal money since it only benefited Kentucky. This was a blow to Clay's American System, and it irritated the West.
Five civilized tribes
collective name for the Creeks, Choctaws, Cherokees, Chickasaws and Seminoles
Trail of Tears
The tragic journey of the cherokee people from their home land to indian territory between 1838 and 1839, thousands of cherokees died.
State banks where Andrew Jackson placed deposits removed from the federal National Bank.
Anti-Jackson party that was against secret societies; very religious
The "log cabin" campaign
This was the campaign used to promote William Henry Harrison as an average guy and a hero by the wiggs party in the 1936 elections
The Aroostook War
an undeclared (and ultimately bloodless) confrontation between the United States and Great Britain over the international boundary between Canada and Maine.
1842 - Established Maine's northern border and the boundaries of the Great Lake states.
The Force Bill
the bill passed with the tariff of 1833, it gave the president the power to use the army and navy, if necessary, to collect federal tariff duties.
People opposed to immigration
The Know-Nothing Party
a political party that was anti-Catholic and anti-immigrant in the 1850's.
The Lowell System
Use young girls to work mills.
a business owned by stockholders who share in its profits but are not personally responsible for its debts
the liability of a firm's owners for no more than the capital they have invested in the firm
The Spoils System
Employed by Jackson. System by which the victorious political party rewarded its supporters with government jobs.
Indian Removal Act of 1930
an act that provided for the transplanting of all Indian tribes that were east of the Mississippi; this effectively uprooted 100,000 Indians, and in the ensuing decade countless Indians died on the forced marches
Age of Jackson
period when marked by belief that ordinary people should vote in elections, hold office, and do anything they had the ability to do.
The business given to a commercial establishment by its customers
term given to the tyrannical actions of president andrew jackson
issued by President Jackson July 11, 1836, was meant to stop land speculation caused by states printing paper money without proper specie (gold or silver) backing it. It required that the purchase of public lands be paid for in specie. It stopped the land speculation and the sale of public lands went down sharply. The panic of 1837 followed.
a 363-mile-long artificial waterway connecting the Hudson River with Lake Erie, built between 1817 and 1825
major railroads that crossed the Great Plains to the Pacific Coast
a printing press for printing from a revolving cylinder
identical components that can be used in place of one another in manufactoring
entrepreneurs who were engaged in foreign and domestic trade and who sometimes invested $$ in small manufacturing ventures. SWITCHED over to manufacturing
people who built and owned factories
Theory that when hard times came, the unemployed could migrate west and be prosperous farmers.
Induced urban employers to maintain high wage rates.
Cult of domesticity
Belief in Middle and Upper Classes in US and Britain - women embodied perfect virtues in all senses
Mt. Holyoke and Oberlin Colleges
Only colleges to give women education
the raising of crops and livestock for sale in markets