An act in violation of the law. Also, a guilty act.
the claim of having been elsewhere when an offense was committed
alter ego rule
In some jurisdictions, a rule of law that holds that a person can only defend a third party under circumstances and only to the degree that the third party could act on his or her own behalf.
The facts surrounding an event.
a system of jurisprudence based on judicial precedents rather than statutory laws
concerns noncriminal disputes between private parties
a legal system based on custom and court rulings
The coexistence of (1) an act in violation of the law and (2) a culpable mental state.
the body of the crime
group of laws that defines and sets punishments for offenses against society
Behavior in which a person fails to reasonably perceive substantial and unjustifiable risks of dangerous consequences.
defense(to a criminal charge)
Evidence and arguments offered by a defendant and his or her attorney to show why the defendant should not be held liable for a criminal charge.
A defense based on clims of a mental condition that may be insufficient to exonerate the defendant of guilt but that may be relevant to specific mental elements of certain crimes or degrees of crime.
people who are accused of a crime and judged not guilty may not be put on trial again for the same crime
element(of a crime)
In a specific crime, one of the essential features of that crime, as specified by law or statute.
An improper or illegal inducement to crime by agents of law enforcement. Also, a defense that may be raised when such inducements have occurred.