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175 terms by mythuan

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music

The Renaissance saw the rise of amateur musicians and home music-making.

True

Of the following, which is NOT a major literary landmark of the Middle Ages?

Cervantes's Don Quixote

The early exploration of the New World took place during the Renaissance.

True

Of the following, which does NOT represent the thinking of the Renaissance?

an exclusively religious orientation

Which historical event did NOT take place in the Renaissance?

the writing of the Magna Carta

Hildegard's Alleluia, O virga mediatrix has a neumatic text setting with some melismas.

True

The motet differs from organum with its emphasis on triads.

False

The form of Alleluia, O virga mediatrix is A-A-B.

False

In the early Middle Ages, music was often written in fixed patterns of long and short notes known as rhythmic modes.

True

In what part of the liturgy does the Alleluia occur?

Mass Proper

Which of the following was NOT a subject reflected in the poems of the troubadours and trouvères?

the rebirth of classical learning

Machaut's chanson Puis qu'en oubli is a ballade for three voices.

False

Sumer is icumen in is one of the earliest examples of secular polyphony.

True

Since Machaut was a cleric in the church, he wrote only sacred music.

False

The medieval ancestor of the modern trombone is:

the sackbut

What is a cantus firmus?

A fragment of Gregorian chant or a secular tune used as the foundation of a polyphonic Mass.

The Renaissance motet became a sacred form with a single Latin text.

True

Of the following, who was a leader in the Protestant Reformation?

Martin Luther

The fixed melody used as a basis for elaborate polyphonic writing in the Renaissance was called:

a cantus firmus.

Which genre of vocal music was NOT used in Renaissance church services?

Chansons

The expressive device used by Renaissance composers to pictorialize words musically is called:

Word painting.

The vivid depiction of the text through music, known as word painting, is a hallmark of:

the madrigal

Which of the following was a lively circle or line dance, often performed outdoors?

ronde

The text in Arcadelt's madrigal Il bianco e dolce cigno has levels of meanings, some of which are erotic.

True

The two most important genres of Renaissance secular music were the chanson and the madrigal.

True

Why was the art music of the Middle Ages predominantly religious?

The church patronized music extensively.

The late Middle Ages witnessed:

the building of great cathedrals.
the founding of universities.
the rise of the bourgeoisie.

What characterizes humanism?

thinking centered on human issues and individuality, inspiration from the ancient cultures of Greece and Rome, and independence from traditional and religion

The Frankish emperor who encouraged education and the concept of a centralized government was:

Charlemagne.

Most of the surviving music from the early Middle Ages is secular.

False

What is the primary language of the Mass?

Latin

The early polyphonic genre that resulted from the addition of texts to all voices was called:

motet

A setting of Gregorian chant with one note per syllable is called:

syllabic.

Of the following, which does NOT describe life in the medieval cloister?

center of trade and commerce

__________ is traditionally associated with collecting and organizing the chants of the church.

Pope Gregory

Improvisation was a technique employed in instrumental dance music of the Middle Ages.

True

Bas instruments were used frequently for outdoor occasions during the Middle Ages.

False

Music of the fourteenth century developed a style that became known as:

the Ars nova.

Sumer is icumen in exemplifies what compositional device?

round

The outstanding composer-poet of the Ars nova was:

Guillaume de Machaut

Which of the following make up the movements of the Ordinary of the Mass?

Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei

What best describes the texture of the ideal Renaissance sacred music?

Imitative

Josquin's career centered exclusively in his native France.

False

Which early Renaissance composer exerted a powerful influence on generations of composers who followed?

Josquin.

How does the Renaissance motet differ from its medieval predecessor?

It had only one text in Latin.

Why are the madrigals of Arcadelt so special?

They brought a new level of expression to the madrigal

Where was the madrigal first developed?

Italy

Madrigals with simple, pastoral, and often humorous texts were especially favored in:

England

Which of the following would be considered an appropriate outdoor instrument?

the shawm

The sixteenth-century chanson clung to the fixed meters of the fifteenth-century chanson.

False

The Renaissance first came to flower in France.

False

Although feudal society was male dominated, the status of women was raised by prevailing attitudes of chivalry and devotion to the cult of the Virgin Mary.

True

The Renaissance saw the rise of amateur musicians and home music-making.

True

Renaissance musicians could make their living in all of the following ways EXCEPT:

as professional orchestral conductors.

Renaissance painters preferred symbolism to realism.

False

Hildegard of Bingen was a leader of the Notre Dame school of early polyphony.

False

The Notre Dame style of polyphony, in which the tenor line was based on a preexisting chant melody and the upper voice moved freely (and more rapidly), was called:

organum

The portion of the Mass that remains the same in every celebration of the service is called:

the Ordinary.

The motet differs from organum with its emphasis on triads.

False

Polyphony required the development of:

rhythmic modes.

Bas instruments were used frequently for outdoor occasions during the Middle Ages.

False

An end-blown flute with a breathy tone is called:

a recorder.

Sumer is icumen in is one of the earliest examples of secular polyphony.

True

Although the "learned" vocal music of medieval church and court was routinely written down, much instrumental music was improvised.

True

Secular music was integral to medieval court life, supplying entertainment and ceremonial and dance music.

True

Which of the following was NOT a recommendation of the Council of Trent?

to use more instruments to embellish church music

After the Protestant revolt of the early sixteenth century, the Roman Catholic Church responded with a movement to recapture the loyalty of its people. This was known as:

the Counter-Reformation.

Which composer responded to the reforms of the Council of Trent in an exemplary fashion?

Palestrina

The Council of Trent took place in the mid-sixteenth century.

True

The Introit is the first movement of the Ordinary of the Mass.

False

Tielman Susato published music in which major European center?

Antwerp

England adopted the Italian madrigal and developed it into a native form.

True

Italian madrigalists set words such as weeping, trembling, and dying with great expression.

True

Which of the following would be considered an appropriate outdoor instrument?

the shawm

Stately indoor occasions most often called for soft instruments such as recorders and strings.

True

Of the following, which is NOT a major literary landmark of the Middle Ages?

Cervantes's Don Quixote

Which historical event did NOT take place in the Renaissance?

the writing of the Magna Carta

All of the following were Renaissance artists EXCEPT:

Goya.

Of the following, which does NOT represent the thinking of the Renaissance?

an exclusively religious orientation

Renaissance musicians could make their living in all of the following ways EXCEPT:

as professional orchestral conductors.

Which religious figure is praised in the text of Hildegard's Alleluia, O virga mediatrix?

the Virgin Mary

Early notation suggested melodic contours using small ascending and descending signs called:

neumes.

The form of Alleluia, O virga mediatrix is A-A-B.

False

Which of the following does NOT characterize Gregorian chant?

Triadic Harmonies

A setting of plainchant with many notes per syllable is called syllabic.

False

Which of the following does NOT characterize Puis qu'en oubli?

It has a monophonic texture.

The outstanding composer-poet of the Ars nova was:

Guillaume de Machaut

Who composed the chanson Puis qu'en oubli?

Machaut

Medieval instruments can be classified as bas or haut, meaning:

Soft or loud

Which of the following was NOT a subject reflected in the poems of the troubadours and trouvères?

the rebirth of classical learning

What is the musical basis of Josquin's Ave Maria . . . virgo serena?

a Gregorian chant in the top voice, then freely composed

The text of Ave Maria . . . virgo serena is:

in praise of the Virgin Mary.

The dense counterpoint in the Pope Marcellus Mass obscures the words.

False

Of the following, who was a leader in the Protestant Reformation?

Martin Luther

Which section of the Ordinary of the Mass is a confession of faith?

the Credo

Of the following, which does NOT characterize secular music-making in the Renaissance?

Women were not allowed to perform music professionally

During the Renaissance, the study of a musical instrument was considered highly improper for ladies.

False

Only professional musicians performed secular music in the Renaissance.

False

The two most important genres of Renaissance secular music were the chanson and the madrigal.

True

Stately indoor occasions most often called for soft instruments such as recorders and strings.

True

The late Middle Ages witnessed:

the building of great cathedrals.
the founding of universities.
the rise of the bourgeoisie.

The knowledge of early civilizations and the culture of the Middle Ages were preserved largely in monasteries.

True

Why was the art music of the Middle Ages predominantly religious?

The church patronized music extensively.

Renaissance painters preferred symbolism to realism.

False

The Frankish emperor who encouraged education and the concept of a centralized government was:

Charlemagne.

An early center for the development of polyphony was the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris.

True

Why does Gregorian chant sound so different from other types of Western music?

There is no harmony.

The order of church services and the structure of each service are known as the liturgy.

True

Hildegard of Bingen wrote both the poetry and the music for Alleluia, O virga mediatrix.

True

The portion of the Mass that changes from day to day, depending on the feast celebrated, is called:

the Proper.

What is the form of a rondeau?

A-B-a-A-a-b-A-B

Since Machaut was a cleric in the church, he wrote only sacred music.

False

Music of the fourteenth century developed a style that became known as:

the Ars nova.

The French courtly love song of the Middle Ages was called the:

chanson

Early songs in Latin, such as those in Carmina burana, were created by:

students in university towns.

Of the following, what describes the intended performance practice for the Pope Marcellus Mass?

It would have been sung by an all-male choir with boy sopranos or male falsettos.

The first section of the Ordinary of the Mass, a plea for mercy in A-B-A form, is called:

the Kyrie.

The upper voice parts of the Pope Marcellus Mass were sung by boy sopranos or adult males with high voices.

True

Like the Renaissance motet, a polyphonic setting of the Mass was often based on a cantus firmus.

True

The Renaissance motet became a sacred form with a single Latin text.

True

The sixteenth century saw a blossoming of instrumental dance music.

True

Which of the following does NOT characterize the dances published by Susato?

irregular phrase lengths

Unlike Italian madrigals, Fair Phyllis has no word painting.

False

The sixteenth-century chanson clung to the fixed meters of the fifteenth-century chanson.

False

Madrigals with simple, pastoral, and often humorous texts were especially favored in:

England

During the Middle Ages, the status of women:

was raised through the concept of chivalry held by knights and idealized in music.

What characterizes humanism?

thinking centered on human issues and individuality, inspiration from the ancient cultures of Greece and Rome, and independence from traditional and religion

The two centers of power in the Middle Ages were the feudal lord and the state.

False

Why is Renaissance painting considered to be more realistic than medieval painting?

Renaissance painters created a perspective that made it possible to see the whole simultaneously.

The two centers of power during the early Middle Ages were the church and:

newly formed centralized governments led by kings.

The modes served as the basis for European art music for less than one hundred years.

false

In what part of the liturgy does the Alleluia occur?

Mass Proper

A setting of Gregorian chant with two to four notes per syllable might be considered:

neumatic.

In the early Middle Ages, music was often written in fixed patterns of long and short notes known as rhythmic modes.

True

The earliest type of polyphony was:

organum

Secular music was integral to medieval court life, supplying entertainment and ceremonial and dance music.

True

Improvisation was a technique employed in instrumental dance music of the Middle Ages.

True

Sumer is icumen in exemplifies what compositional device?

Round

Troubadours and trouvères were medieval poet-musicians.

True

Machaut's chanson Puis qu'en oubli is a ballade for three voices.

False

Josquin's sacred works do not use preexisting melodies.

False

The reform movement in the Catholic church brought about by the Protestant Reformation was called the Counter-Reformation.

True

What is a cantus firmus?

A fragment of Gregorian chant or a secular tune used as the foundation of a polyphonic Mass.

Of the following, which best describes the texture of the Pope Marcellus Mass?

six-voice polyphony

Which genre of vocal music was NOT used in Renaissance church services?

Chansons

Instruments used for outdoor performances, such as the shawm and sackbut, are categorized as:

loud

Instrumental music in the sixteenth century often did not specify its instrumentation.

True

The expressive device used by Renaissance composers to pictorialize words musically is called:

Word painting.

Which of the following was the most important secular genre of the sixteenth century?

Madrigal

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