Elements of Poetry

21 terms by beverleyd 

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Form

shape of poem, arrangements of words on page

Lines

may or may not be sentences

Stanzas

lines arranged in groups

Free verse

poems without formal structure, rhythm

Concrete

shape of poem reflects its subject

Sound

arrangements of sounds of words in poem

Onomatopoeia

words whose sounds suggest meaning

Rhyme

words that have the same ending sound

Rhythm

"beat" created by pattern of syllables

Meter

repetition of rhythmic pattern

Repetition

using sounds, words, phrases or lines

Alliteration

repetition of consonant sounds

Imagery

words or phrases that appeal to five senses

Figurative language

presents ordinary things in new, unusual ways

Similes

comparisons of things that have something in common, using "like" or "as"

Metaphors

comparison without like or as

Personification

giving human qualities to an object, animal, idea

Speaker

"voice" from whom the words come

Mood

feeling the reader has when he or she reads a poem

Tone

attitude of the poet found in language of the poem

Idiom

expression that has different meaning than meaning of individual words

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