new jersey plan
a plan, unsuccessfully proposed at the Constitutional Convention, providing for a single legislative house with equal representation for each state. wanted weak national government
plan at the constitutional convention that called for a strong national government with three branches and a two-chamber legislature; number of legislators based on state's population.
Grant for which Congress appropriates funds for a specific purpose
Money given to states for general programs within a broad category
grants in aid
Money given by the national government to the states
Line Item Veto
an executive's ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature
The political equivalent of an indictment in criminal law, prescribed by the Constitution. The House of Representatives may impeach the president by a majority vote for "Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors."
Articles of Confederation
that document that was like 'whoa, we're dumb so were gonna give all the power to the states and they're gonna fight about it cause they're stupid.'
the amendment process
An amendment to the Constitution may be proposed if 2/3 of the members of Congress or 2/3 of state legislatures vote for it. The amendment may then be added to the Constitution by a 3/4 vote of state legislatures, or special state conventions elected for that purpose.
sharing power with smaller units of govurnmint
the federalist papers
newspaper shenanigans that james madison and alexander hamilton wrote to convince people that the constitution was rad.
The fourth President of the United States (1809-1817). A member of the Continental Congress (1780-1783) and the Constitutional Convention (1787), he strongly supported ratification of the Constitution and was a contributor to The Federalist Papers (1787-1788), which argued the effectiveness of the proposed constitution. His presidency was marked by the War of 1812.
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.
wrote "Leviathan" and believed people were naturally cruel, greedy, and selfish; he also believed only a powerful governemnt could keep an orderly society
supported states rights
Pupil of Plato who tutored Alexander the Great; argued for small units of government like the city-state. supported democracy!!!!q1
German philosopher, economist, and revolutionary. With the help and support of Friedrich Engels he wrote The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Das Kapital (1867-1894). These works explain historical development in terms of the interaction of contradictory economic forces, form the basis of all communist theory, and have had a profound influence on the social sciences.
German sociologist that regarded the development of rational social orders as humanity's greatest achievement. Saw bureaucratization (the process whereby labor is divided into an organized community and individuals acquire a sense of personal identity by finding roles for themselves in large systems) as the driving force in modern society.
led shay rbellion, cap. in continetal army, no pay for army service sig. taxes lowered, showed need for strong central gov't