Chapter 7: The old Testament

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Atonement

Reperation for an offense through a voluntary action that compensates for the injustice done.

Holocaust

A type of Old Testement sacrifice in which the entire item os sacrifice was burned on the altar and the scent rose heavenward.

Pentateuch

The first five books of the Old Testament: Genisis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.

Pharaoh

In ancient times, leader of the Egyptians; often worshipped as a god bby the Egyptian people.

Proto-Evangelium

The "proto" or first Gospel: the in Genisis (3:15) that first mysteriously announces the promise of the MEssiah and Redeemer.

Yahweh

The personal name of the God of Israel, revealed to Moses on Mt. Sinai, meaning "I am who I am."

Original Sin

The sin by which the first human beings disobeyed the commandment of God, choosing to follow their own will rather than God's will. As a consequence they lost the grace of original holiness, and became subject to the law of death; sin became universally present in the world. Besides the personal sin of Adam and Eve, original sin describes the fallen state of human nature which affects every person born into the world, and from which Christ, the "new Adam," came to redeem us.

Passover

Also known as Pasch; Jewish feast commemorating the deliverance of the Jewish people from death by the blood of the lamb sprinkled on the doorposts in Egypt, which the angel of death saw and passed over. The Eucharist celebrates the new Passover.

Old Testament

The forty-six books of the Bible, which record the history of salvation from creation through the old alliance or covenant with Israel, in preparation for the appearance of Christ as Savior of the world.

Leviticus

Third book of the Bible: named from its contents which deal entirely with the service of God and the religious ceremonies to be performed by the members of the tribe of Levi, both priests and Levites.

Israelites

The Jewish people, chosen by God to be his people and named after Israel (Jacob), from whose twelve sons the tribes of Israel descend. God formed Israel into his priestly people in their exodus from the slavery of Egypt, when he made the Old Covenant.

Exodus

God's saving intervention in history by which he liberated the Hebrew people from slavery in Egypt, made a covenant with them, and brought them into the Promised Land. The Book of Exodus, the second of the Old Testament, narrates the saving history.

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