North Africa and Southwest Asia Geography

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Geography of North Africa and Southwest Asia

Sahara Desert

The largest "hot desert" in the world.

Islam

The major religion in much of the Middle East.

Arabic

The major language in much of the Middle East.

Maghreb

In Arabic it means "western" or "the land farther west."

oasis

An isolated area of vegetation in the desert, typically surrounding a spring or other water source.

aquifer

An underground rock layer that stores water which can be taken out using a well.

population density

A measurement of population per unit area, for example, the number of people in a square mile.

indigenous

An ethnic group of people originating from an area, native.

Berber

The indigenous people of North Africa west of the Nile.

Cairo

The capital of Egypt.

Suez Canal

The major canal in Egypt between the Red Sea and Mediterranean.

sanctions

Penalties applied by one country or group of countries to another country.

arable

Land fit for growing crops.

Mesopotamia

An ancient civilization that means "between rivers."

alluvial plain

A flat landform created by the deposit of sediment over a long period of time by one or more rivers.

kibbutz

Collective farming settlements in Israel.

Dead Sea

The salt lake between Israel and Jordan that is the lowest point of dry land on Earth.

Nile River

The longest river in the world, located in Egypt.

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