What is defined as decreased frequency of fecal elimination or the difficult passage of hard, dry stools?
What is the most common gastrointesinal complaint?
According to the ADA, what is the daily recommendation for fiber intake?
According to the ADA, what is the daily maximum recommendation for fiber intake?
What ammount of water is recommended per day to help with constipation?
What type of functional fibers are gums, pectin, psyllium, and wheat dextrin?
What type of functional fibers are calcium polycarbophil, methylcellulose, powdered cellulose, and soy polysaccharide?
What type of functional fibers are inulin and fructooligosaccharides?
According to the FDA, laxatives are only indicated for less than what duration of use without medical referral?
Citrucel, FiberCon, and Metamucil are what type of agents for constipation?
What type of agent for constipation is 1st line?
Colace, Correctol, or Ex-Lax Stool Softener, all with the active ingredient docusate, are what type of agents for constipation?
Docusate should not be co-administered with what?
Fleet Mineral Oil Enema and Kondremul Emulsion, both mineral oil products, are what type of agents for constipation?
Magnesium citrate, magnesium hydroxide, and monobasic sodium phosphate are what type of agents for constipation?
True or False: Saline agents for constipation are routinely used for preparing for endoscopic exams.
Glycerin and PEG are what type of agents for constipation?
17 grams, 17 years
What is the dose for MiraLAX and what is the minimum age for use?
Bisacodyl, sennosides, and castor oil are what type of agents for constipation?
What type of agent for constipation increases peristaltic activity by local irritation of mucosa?
What type of agent for constipation uses ions to draw water into the intestines leading to increased intraluminal pressure and motility?
What type of agent for constipation has an irritant effect that draws water into the rectum?
What type of agent for constipation coats the intestines causing a decreased absorption of fecal water?
What type of agent for constipation works as an anionic surfactant, which softens the stool and prevents painful defication?
What type of agent for constipation is most like the physiological mechanism of facilitating passage of intestinal contents?
What type of agent for constipation can be used after bulk forming and hyperosmotics were deemed ineffective?
Stimulants and Lubricants
Which two types of agents for constipation should be avoided during pregnancy?
Which specific dosage form and type of agent for constipation can be used in children of any age?
Which drug for constipation can cause discoloration of urine?
Saline (1/2 hour PO, 2-5 minutes PR)
What type of agent for constipation has the fastest onset of action both orally and rectally?
Hyperosmotic and Stimulant
What two types of agents for constipation are recommended for bowel evacuations in preparation for endoscopic examinations?
What type of agent for constipation may cause complete catharsis?
What is the only agent for constipation that can be used longer than 1 week without doctor consent?
Which type of agent for constipation should be avoided in liver, kidney, and heart disease?
Stimulants, Hyperosmotics, Emollients
Which three types of agents for constipation are suitable for use in patients taking warfarin?
True or False: Mineral oil should be avoided as an agent for constipation if possible.