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battering ram

a reinforced log with a metal head used to break down a castle's gates

catapult

a weapon used to hurl objects over castle walls

commoner

a person without noble rank

crenelations

the squared-off "teeth" on the upper portion of a medieval castle wall, designed to protect the defenders

keep

the central tower or building in a castle

moat

a deep, wide ditch around a castle, often filled with water

mott and bailey

early cstle made up of a large, fenced-inarea (bailey) surrounding a tall hill (mott) tht often had a tower

noble

a person of the ruling class, below the king

palisade

a spiked wooden wall built around the bailey of a castle

peasants

the lowest class of people

trebuchet

a large slingshot-like weapon used to throw rocks or other objects during a siege

turrets

castle towers

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