4th grade Unit 3 Social Studies - Colonization

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40 terms

Puritan

a member of the Church of England who settled in North America to follow Christian beliefs in a more pure way

charter

an official paper in which certain rights are given by a government to a person, group, or business

colony

a land ruled by a distant country

indentured servant

a person who agreed to work for another person without pay for a certain length of time in exchange for passage to North America

slave

a person held in servitude as the property of another

industry

all the businesses that make one kind of product or provide one kind of service

export

a product that leaves a country

import

a product brought into a country

farm produce

grains, fruits, and vegetables for sale

Great Awakening

a religious movement started by a Dutch minister in the Middle Atlantic colonies that called for greater freedom of choice in religion

refuge

a safe place

trial by jury

the right of a person accused of a crime to be tried by a jury, or group, of fellow citizens

justice

fairness

township

an area of land

Immigrant

a person who comes into a country to make a new home

militia

a volunteer army

almanac

a yearly calendar and weather forecast that helps farmers know when to plant crops

constitution

a written plan of government

indigo

plant from which a blue dye can be made

debtor

a person who is put in prison for owing money

plantation

a large farm in the Southern colonies

planter

a plantation owner

broker

a person who is paid to buy and sell for someone else

overseer

a hired person who watched field slaves as they worked

spiritual

a religious song based on Bible stories (some slaves sang these too)

auction

public sale

public service

a job someone does to help the community or society as a whole

apprentice

a person who learns a trade by living with the family of a skilled worker and training for several years

county

a large part of a colony or a state

county seat

main town of a county

landowner

one who possesses a piece of land

farmer

a person who cultivates land or crops or raises animals (as livestock or fish)

artisan

craftsman; person with special skills in doing certain work, such as printing or making shoes

Atlantic Coastal Plain

the flat stretch of land that borders the Atlantic Ocean stretching from New Jersey through the southeast United States

economics

the study of how people use resources to meet their needs

British Colonial America

consists of the New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Southern colonies

New England colonies

Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire

colonial life

everyday work and play of early settlers

Mid-Atlantic colonies

Pennsylvania, New York, Delaware, New Jersey (breadbasket colonies)

Southern colonies

Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Maryland

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