Who does Carthage control?
North Africa, Eastern part of Spain, Cousica, Sardinia, Western part of Sicily.
1st Punic War ( 264-241bce)
purpose- Control over Sicily
major battle- Battle of Drepana
result- Sicily went to Rome
Where was silver and copper discovered?
By this time who has Rome taken control over?
Carsica and Sardinia
2nd Punic War ( 218-201bce )
purpose- control of Spain
cause- Rome (had spies throughout the city) encouraged an uprising in one of the major Spanish cities
major battle- Battle of Cannae ( 216bce): 40,000 - 60,000 Romans were killed
major battle- Battle of Zama (202bce)
results- Romans get Spain (by 206bce), the North African coast; created a treaty which said Carthage cannot go to war without Rome's permision
-leader of army, general of Carthage
-decides to invade Italy ( app 30,000-40,000 troupes started with him) ( he also took elephants)
-full name Scipio Africanus
-Roman general who heads to Spain
3rd Punic War ( 149-146bce)
purpose- the destruction of Carthage
cause- neighbors take land from Carthage and Carthage sends army to stop it. Rome declares war.
results- Rome wins. Carthage is completely destroyed.
a small circle of rich and powerful families.
Who made up the 1st triumurate?