a system by which society ranks categories of people in hierarchy according to property, power and prestige
The most significant difference between the class system and the systems of slavery, caste, and estate
class you can move up and down. within slavery, caste, and estate- lines drawn between people are firm, no movement from one group to another.
Characteristics of the class system
personal qualities, possessions, shape, clarity, mobility, permanence
What did Marx predict would happen after workers were exploited year after year by the capitalist class
the workers would revolt
In the global stratification model, which nations would be considered the most industrialized nations, industrializing nations, and least industrialized nations?
First World- US, Canada, France, Germany
Second World- N. Asia and S. America
Third World- S. Asia and Africa
The purpose of colonialism as practiced by the major European powers during the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries
first industrialized got a jump on the world- gained power
Globalization of Capitalism
capitalism (investing to make money) becoming the globe's dominant economic system
Major means of control used by neocolonialists to maintain global stratification
exploiting weaker countries with international markets- weapons and manufactured goods were sold
Income ownership of valued assets, control of the means for obtaining wealth, appearance of wealth "total value"
Contradictory class locations
position in the class structure that generates contradictory intercepts
Variables used by Gilbert & Kahl to develop a six class model
Property, prestige, power and education
Which group of persons would have the narrowest field of eligible marriage partners based on background expectations?
What did Kohn suggest was the primary influence upon parents that emphasized how the reared their children?
lower class- have a boss to obey so they expect children to obey them
middle class- have more independence at work giving their children more freedom
Characteristics of people in various social classes
physical health, mental health, family life, education, religion, politicas, crime
Relationship between one's social class and one's chance of being a victim of crime
chances are greater at lower class
change that family members make in social class from one generation to the next
same number of people moving up and down that it shows little change in social class
Feminization of poverty
refers to the situation that most poor families in the US are headed by women
Most likely segment of the population to experience poverty today
race, education, sex of head person, age
Relationship between social class and the likelihood of embracing deferred gratification
poor class looking to be middle virtue concept
deferred gratification-doing with out something in present in the hope of achieving greater gains in the future
Why are females classified as a minority group?
had children so stayed at home while men made connections making them the dominant force
Three waves of feminism
1- right to vote
2- gender inequalities at work
3- removal of impediments of love and sex
Where does the greatest pay gap exist between men and women over their lifetime?
25-65 or college graduates
How do feminists view sexual harassment?
Men using positions of authority. Now women moving up so it is unacceptable
category of people who see themselves and are seen by others as different because characteristics that are assumed to be innate and biologically inherited
subordinate group whose members what significantly less control or power over their own lives then the members of the dominant or majority group
the way people construct their ethnicity- enhance with food, clothing, religion, and language
exaggerate virtues of a group- some group (typically one's own group) think they are more capable then others
an attitude (positive/negative) that prejudges a person on the basis of a real or imagined characteristics of group of which that person is a members
people who are prejudiced and rank high on scales of conformity, intolerance, insecurity, respect for authority and submissiveness to superiors
Seeing certain features of an object or situation but remaining blind to others
assimilation- minority absorbed into majority
dominant group refuses the minority to practice religion, language and customs